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Promoting Cooperative Solutions for Space Sustainability swfound.org Data Policy & Legal Issues in Disaster Management SSP13 – Strasbourg, FR ©2013 Secure.

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Presentation on theme: "Promoting Cooperative Solutions for Space Sustainability swfound.org Data Policy & Legal Issues in Disaster Management SSP13 – Strasbourg, FR ©2013 Secure."— Presentation transcript:

1 Promoting Cooperative Solutions for Space Sustainability swfound.org Data Policy & Legal Issues in Disaster Management SSP13 – Strasbourg, FR ©2013 Secure World Foundation. Used with Permission International Response to Natural Disasters Source: Natassa Antoniou Project Manager SSP12 Alumni

2 Promoting Cooperative Solutions for Space Sustainability swfound.org Data Policy & Legal Issues in Disaster Management SSP13 – Strasbourg, FR Do you know any international response to natural disasters?

3 Promoting Cooperative Solutions for Space Sustainability swfound.org Data Policy & Legal Issues in Disaster Management SSP13 – Strasbourg, FR What is the International Charter An International agreement among participating Space Agencies to provide space-based data and information in support of relief efforts during emergencies caused by major disasters Source: course.org/NaturalDisasterorDivinePunishment.html

4 Promoting Cooperative Solutions for Space Sustainability swfound.org Data Policy & Legal Issues in Disaster Management SSP13 – Strasbourg, FR November 2000 The European Space Agency (ESA) and French space agency (CNES) initiated it November 2000 The European Space Agency (ESA) and French space agency (CNES) initiated it When did Charter enter into force Source: ESA

5 Promoting Cooperative Solutions for Space Sustainability swfound.org Data Policy & Legal Issues in Disaster Management SSP13 – Strasbourg, FR Who are the members of the charter 15 Members: ESA, Argentina, Britain, Canada, China, France, India, Japan, USA, Brazil, Germany, Korea, EUMETSAT, Russia ROSCOSMOS RUSSIA Source:

6 Promoting Cooperative Solutions for Space Sustainability swfound.org Data Policy & Legal Issues in Disaster Management SSP13 – Strasbourg, FR Activating the charter Source: International Charter

7 Promoting Cooperative Solutions for Space Sustainability swfound.org Data Policy & Legal Issues in Disaster Management SSP13 – Strasbourg, FR All activations from today Activation: 371 times / 2013: 12 times Source: International Charter

8 Promoting Cooperative Solutions for Space Sustainability swfound.org Data Policy & Legal Issues in Disaster Management SSP13 – Strasbourg, FR Activations 2013 Source: International Charter

9 Promoting Cooperative Solutions for Space Sustainability swfound.org Data Policy & Legal Issues in Disaster Management SSP13 – Strasbourg, FR Latest Activation Source: International Charter

10 Promoting Cooperative Solutions for Space Sustainability swfound.org Data Policy & Legal Issues in Disaster Management SSP13 – Strasbourg, FR What does the charter do & not do It does not provide data to support Rehabilitation Reconstruction Prevention Preparedness Scientific research Droughts Provides data to support immediate emergency response

11 Promoting Cooperative Solutions for Space Sustainability swfound.org Data Policy & Legal Issues in Disaster Management SSP13 – Strasbourg, FR Charter Website Source: International Charter official website

12 Promoting Cooperative Solutions for Space Sustainability swfound.org Data Policy & Legal Issues in Disaster Management SSP13 – Strasbourg, FR UNITED NATIONS PLATFORM FOR SPACE-BASED INFORMATION FOR DISASTER MANAGEMENT AND EMERGENCY RESPONSE Established by Resolution 61/110 of the General Assembly in 2006 within the U. N. Office of Outer Space Affairs (UNOOSA) 12 UN-SPIDER Sourcehttp://www.enjoyspace.com Source: /

13 Promoting Cooperative Solutions for Space Sustainability swfound.org Data Policy & Legal Issues in Disaster Management SSP13 – Strasbourg, FR UN-SPIDER Provides access to all countries and all relevant international and regional organizations to all types of space-based information Provides services relevant to disaster management to support the full disaster management cycle, including capacity building A bridge to connect the disaster management and space communities A facilitator of capacity-building and institutional strengthening Source: UNSPIDER-SWF Source:

14 Promoting Cooperative Solutions for Space Sustainability swfound.org Data Policy & Legal Issues in Disaster Management SSP13 – Strasbourg, FR Source: UN-SPIDER official website Website: /

15 Promoting Cooperative Solutions for Space Sustainability swfound.org Data Policy & Legal Issues in Disaster Management SSP13 – Strasbourg, FR 15 Source: Land Climate Change SecuritySecurity Emergency Marine AtmosphereAtmosphere COPERNICUS (1/3)

16 Promoting Cooperative Solutions for Space Sustainability swfound.org Data Policy & Legal Issues in Disaster Management SSP13 – Strasbourg, FR What is the Copernicus Emergency Management Service (EMS) It is the first Copernicus service to become operational Entered into initial operations on April 1st, a set of services funded by the European Commission Provides mapping products based on satellite imagery (EMS - Mapping) for natural and man-made disasters to Civil Protection Authorities, Humanitarian Aid actors etc It covers: Floods, Earthquakes, Landslides, Severe Storms, Fires, Technological disasters, Volcanic eruptions, Humanitarian crises, Tsunamis Public good data policy: open access and free licensing to general public users

17 Promoting Cooperative Solutions for Space Sustainability swfound.org Data Policy & Legal Issues in Disaster Management SSP13 – Strasbourg, FR 17 Copernicus EMS mapping 42 activations (period April 1, 2012 – March 12, 2013) 58% of activations, 72% of map products in Europe In Europe: 7 forest fires, 5 floods, 2 earthquakes, 2 other events Activations by AU in HU, IT (2), BG (2), ES (4), SE, PL, PT, RO, DE, FR, UK, SI Outside Europe: 4 floods, 8 humanitarian assessments Triggered by European AU and other international organization through DG ECHO (Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection) Source: Frederic Bastide, Open informal session of the United Nations Inter-Agency Meeting on Outer Space Activities

18 Promoting Cooperative Solutions for Space Sustainability swfound.org Data Policy & Legal Issues in Disaster Management SSP13 – Strasbourg, FR Statistics Source: COPERNICUS

19 Promoting Cooperative Solutions for Space Sustainability swfound.org Data Policy & Legal Issues in Disaster Management SSP13 – Strasbourg, FR 19 Source:

20 Promoting Cooperative Solutions for Space Sustainability swfound.org Data Policy & Legal Issues in Disaster Management SSP13 – Strasbourg, FR Website: ncy-management-service ncy-management-service Source: Emergency Copernicus official website

21 Promoting Cooperative Solutions for Space Sustainability swfound.org Data Policy & Legal Issues in Disaster Management SSP13 – Strasbourg, FR ISSUES to consider

22 Promoting Cooperative Solutions for Space Sustainability swfound.org Data Policy & Legal Issues in Disaster Management SSP13 – Strasbourg, FR Many hours, even days can pass before map products are available Problems in getting maps to end users in the impact areas Satellite data in appropriate format Lack of coordination and communication among the authorities and users Lack of appropriate hardware Not support to the full disaster circle MUST be able to do near real time data acquisition, analysis, and dissemination to end users 22 ISSUES RESPONSE - SPEED - ACCURACY Are…CRUCIAL

23 Promoting Cooperative Solutions for Space Sustainability swfound.org Data Policy & Legal Issues in Disaster Management SSP13 – Strasbourg, FR 23 FILLING THE GAPS

24 Promoting Cooperative Solutions for Space Sustainability swfound.org Data Policy & Legal Issues in Disaster Management SSP13 – Strasbourg, FR CROWDSOURCING 24 Using the power of the crowd to achieve a task quickly and efficiently Examples: -classifying galaxies in the Galaxy Zoo project -Fold it project public input to protein folding -Rapid processing of satellite data (Haiti, Burma)

25 Promoting Cooperative Solutions for Space Sustainability swfound.org Data Policy & Legal Issues in Disaster Management SSP13 – Strasbourg, FR COMMUNITY REMOTE SENSING A new field that combines remote sensing with citizen science, social networks, and crowd-sourcing to enhance the data obtained from traditional sources It includes the collection, calibration, analysis, communication, or application of remotely sensed information by these community means Location Bldg. type # floors Construction Build year Photo 25

26 Promoting Cooperative Solutions for Space Sustainability swfound.org Data Policy & Legal Issues in Disaster Management SSP13 – Strasbourg, FR Importance of the international response to disasters Source: NASA International response is an important step forward in providing fast and easy access to space resources for disaster management and relief organizations in response to major disasters

27 Promoting Cooperative Solutions for Space Sustainability swfound.org Data Policy & Legal Issues in Disaster Management SSP13 – Strasbourg, FR Thank you for your attention!!! Natassa Antoniou Secure World Foundation Source:


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