Presentation on theme: "Status of scientific and technical capabilities in Developing and Least Developed Countries (LDCs) in support of EWS: needs, gaps and challenges Symposium."— Presentation transcript:
Status of scientific and technical capabilities in Developing and Least Developed Countries (LDCs) in support of EWS: needs, gaps and challenges Symposium on multi-hazard EWS for integrated disasaster risk management 23 – 24 May 2006, Geneva Filipe D. F. Lúcio National Institute of Meteorology of Mozambique
Outline 1.National circumstances 2. Major gaps, needs and challenges Data availability Provision of products and services 3.Way forward
1.National circumstances n Inadequate policy, legal frameworks and institutional structures to deal with DRR/DRM; n Low priority accorded to NMHSs; n Poor economic environments; n Poor national infrastructure (electricity, power, telephones, roads, etc...); n Poor ability to develop and use technology; n High costs of services and consumables;.
National circumstances (cont.) n Civil strife n Famine resulting in emergency relief; n High vulnerability to natural catastrophes n Failure to link DRR/DRM to development
2.Major gaps, needs and challenges n Data Availability Currently the quality and availability of data in the LDCs is inadequate and unsatisfactory in terms of spatial coverage, accuracy and regularity, due to the erosion of observation netwroks and the increasing weakening of the primary data providers, the NMHSs. Currently the quality and availability of data in the LDCs is inadequate and unsatisfactory in terms of spatial coverage, accuracy and regularity, due to the erosion of observation netwroks and the increasing weakening of the primary data providers, the NMHSs.
Needs n Assess data requirements at national level for multi-hazard EWS; n Assess data requirements at regional level for the establishment of regional/international Obs. Net. in data sparse areas; n Increase use of satellite data through appropriate transfer of technology and know how; n Rehabiliatate current networks and implement new in data sparse areas (cheap solutions?);
(cont.) (cont.) n Improve Telec. at national level and with RTHs n Provide appropriate data management and processing systems; n Provide required and appropriate capacity building in data management and processing.;
Challenges n Availability and sustainability of observation networks; n Promotion of alliances and partnerships in establishing and mainteining networks jointly funded; n Promotion of innovative funding mechanismssuch as sponserships for the operation and maintenance of Obs. Net; n Capacity buiding (to use methodologies, tools and available information and data, etc..)
Provision of products and services n Absence of products and services (e.g. Severe storms, flash floods); n Low quality of products and services(accuracy, qualitative); n General nature of products and services (not site specific and user driven); n Unavailability or poor information on risks and hazards
Needs n Assess products and services requirements; n Concentrate expertise in providing demand driven products and services; n Improved accuracy and lead times of products and services n Improve the capability of NMHSs for post processing of NWP products; n Provide capacity building in modelling and prediction of climate variability and change as well as impact assessment; n Provide capacity building in data management, processing, including the use of GIS (risk assessment and hazard mapping);
n Enhance the use of satellite technology in applications such as drought monitoring and mapping, forest fire monitoring, flood monitoring, pest control, etc… n Facilitate sharing of expertise between NMHSs of neighbouring countries through exchange of staff between NMHSs and NMHSs and Regional Centres; n Enhance the capabilities of Regional Centres in NWP, data processing and product generation to feed NMHSs with data and products to support national institutions.
Challenges n Capacity building and technology transfer; n Research and development ; n Use of information and communiction technologies; n Improved collaboration and cooperation; n Motivation of staff.
3.Way forward n Advantages u Greater cost effectiveness in the use of scarse resources u Continuous support in addressing common problems of NMHSs; u Pulling of synergies at regional and global level for the common pursuit of innitiatives and opportunities Regional Centre NMHSs Interpretation Obs. Net Marketting Data Services Products & Services Money Products Data
Contin. n Identify countries in need for project implementation