Presentation on theme: "International Charter Space and Major Disasters Yana Gevorgyan, NOAA & Stephen Briggs, ESA International Charter Space and Major Disasters."— Presentation transcript:
International Charter Space and Major Disasters Yana Gevorgyan, NOAA & Stephen Briggs, ESA International Charter Space and Major Disasters
Introduction and History Stephen Briggs, ESA International Charter Space and Major Disasters
Purpose An international collaboration among EO mission owners/operators to provide space-based data and information in support of relief efforts during emergencies caused by major disasters.
International Charter Space and Major Disasters The International Charter executes priority tasking of different EO missions in a rapid fashion; it is designed to address requests concerning major disasters caused by: Natural events Man-made events EarthquakesOil spills FiresIndustrial accidents Floods Ice jams Landslides Tsunamis Ocean storms Volcanic eruptions Disaster Types Supported A major disaster is a large, often sudden event with high impact in terms of lives and/or infrastructure & environment. (slow-onset disasters, such as droughts, are not covered by the Charter)
International Charter Space and Major Disasters The Charter only supports the phase of immediate response to a disaster. Charter activations generally last for about 1-4 few weeks. Mandate of the Charter
International Charter Space and Major Disasters Following UNISPACE III in Vienna in July 1999, ESA (European Space Agency) and CNES (Centre national d'études spatiales) initiated the International Charter in July CSA (Canadian Space Agency) signed the Charter on October 20, Charter declared operational as of November 1, 2000 after formal rehearsals and qualification tests. Many other space agencies subsequently joined the Charter, the latest being ROSCOSMOS (Russian Federal Space Agency) in The Charter is now composed of 15 members. Over 400 disasters covered to date in 110 countries worldwide. Charter History
International Charter Space and Major Disasters Charter Members CSA Canada NOAAUSGSUSA CONAE Argentina CNES France Europe ESA EUMETSAT ISROIndia JAXAJapan CNSAChina KARIKorea ROSCOSMOSRussia INPE Brasil UKSA/DMCUK DLRGermany
International Charter Space and Major Disasters Activations by Disaster Type
Activation Distribution As of August 8, 2013 – 381 Activations
International Charter Space and Major Disasters Some examples of recent activations
International Charter Space and Major Disasters Impact of Typhoon Haiyan which hit the Philippines on November (Call 466) Tacloban photographed on 13 Nov 2013 by a Pléiades satellite, which had captured images of the same zone on 7 Apr Pléiades Satellite Images - Resolution: 50 cm; Copyright: CNES 2013, Astrium Services - Spot Image
International Charter Space and Major Disasters Floods and Landslides in India, June Product created by the Indian National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC), ISRO based on Indian and American optical imagery
International Charter Space and Major Disasters Fires in Australia, October Product generated by Geoscience Australia using Rapideye imagery of 23 Oct First activation by Australian authorities.
International Charter Space and Major Disasters Implementation and Universal Access Yana Gevorgyan, NOAA International Charter Space and Major Disasters
Charter operational loop Authorised User sends a request for Charter activation 24/7 operators respond to requests by quickly tasking satellites Satellite images received and turned into useful maps Direct link to the user/response community who will use the maps ~3hrs ~24/48hrs ~6/8hrs
International Charter Space and Major Disasters Mechanisms to activate the Charter Direct activation by an Authorised User (AU) Activation via an Authorised User on behalf of a user from another country without AU Activation via the UN for UN users Activation for Asia Pacific users via Sentinel Asia (Asian Disaster Reduction Centre)
International Charter Space and Major Disasters Since its inception, the Charter has demonstrated a strong commitment to expanding its number of users. Initiatives include collaboration with the UN and Sentinel Asia. 2007: GEO requested direct access for its Member states. 2008: the Charter Board adopted the principle of universal access to support worldwide emergency response activities. 2011: Charter Board adopted Universal Access resolution: Any national disaster management authority will be able to submit requests for emergency response support to the Charter. Proper procedures will have to be followed, but the affected country will not have to be a Charter member. September 2012: launch of the Universal Access process. Universal Access
International Charter Space and Major Disasters Universal Access Criteria The following criteria must be met by an entity requesting to become a new Authorized User: The entity must be a national disaster management authority or its delegated agency in that country. The entity must have the capacity to download and utilize maps*. The entity must be able to submit and pursue its activation requests in English**. * Typically Charter products are either remotely sensed imagery or crisis or damage assessment maps (Value Added products). ** The request indicates the date/time of disaster occurrence, the affected area with geographic coordinates (Latitude/Longitude), the type of hazard, and the name of the contact person for any communication with the Charter.
International Charter Space and Major Disasters Universal Access Registration A registration form is available for national authorities to express interest in participating in the Charter. – The candidate fills in the questionnaire providing all required information. – The questionnaire – with a cover letter of the organisation – has to be sent to – The request is assessed by the Charter members. The form may be downloaded together with the UA Information brochure from the Charter website:
International Charter Space and Major Disasters Charter Website: UA Documents
International Charter Space and Major DisastersConclusion Space technologies can deliver key information that brings benefit to the definition, planning, implementation, monitoring & assessment of disaster relief operations. The Charter is focused on the immediate response phase and services of national disaster management centres and the International Humanitarian community (e.g. UN). It is growing: 400 disasters covered since 2000 in over 110+ countries worldwide. Building on a decade of success in making satellite data available to users for disaster response, the Charter is now opening its doors even wider with Universal Access. Universal Access benefits national users in countries beyond those of the Charter members, who were previously unable to make direct requests to the Charter during emergency situations.
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International Charter Space and Major Disasters Emergency enquiries from users requiring direct access to Charter resources should be addressed to: General requests for information should be addressed to