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Why develop thinking skills and assessment for learning in the classroom? ACCAC Why develop thinking and assessment for learning in the classroom?

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Presentation on theme: "Why develop thinking skills and assessment for learning in the classroom? ACCAC Why develop thinking and assessment for learning in the classroom?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Why develop thinking skills and assessment for learning in the classroom? ACCAC Why develop thinking and assessment for learning in the classroom?

2 Why develop thinking skills and assessment for learning in the classroom? ACCAC The ability to learn and apply new skills effectively throughout our lives is a fundamental requirement for todays generation living in an increasingly technological driven world. It is imperative that pedagogy is updated to ensure learners receive the full benefits of the revised NC.

3 Why develop thinking skills and assessment for learning in the classroom? ACCAC Learning It could be argued that until now, the process of learning as a skill in its own right has generally been of secondary importance to the learning of subject knowledge and key facts. As evidence from scientific research and classroom practice have been increasingly aligned and interwoven, a number of barriers have been overcome. The most notable advances have been in the fields of developing thinking and assessment for learning.

4 Why develop thinking skills and assessment for learning in the classroom? ACCAC Developing thinking Developing thinking can be defined as developing patterns of thinking that help learners acquire deeper understanding and enable them to explore and make sense of their world. It refers to processes that we in Wales have defined as plan, develop and reflect. Although we are born with a capability to think there is ample evidence that we can learn to think more effectively. Developing thinking pedagogy has considerable overlap with the principles of assessment for learning.

5 Why develop thinking skills and assessment for learning in the classroom? ACCAC Assessment for learning Assessment for learning is the process of finding out where learners are within a learning continuum, where they need to go and how best to get there. It can be considered to be any assessment for which the first priority in its design and practice is to serve the purpose of promoting learning (formative).

6 Why develop thinking skills and assessment for learning in the classroom? ACCAC Why focus on developing thinking and assessment for learning? There is well-documented and substantial qualitative and quantitative evidence to show that this focus raises learners motivation and performance. Between 2005 and 2008, DCELLS conducted a pilot programme with 9 LEAs and 1 group of special schools. This involved 42 schools and over 100 teachers. An evaluation of the programme and its outcomes supported these findings.

7 Why develop thinking skills and assessment for learning in the classroom? ACCAC What were the outcomes of the pilot programme? In just 5 terms, teachers reported: increased learner engagement and motivation with learning improved learner behaviour improved quality of work produced by learners (increased achievement and attainment) improvement in learner self esteem and confidence improvement in the quality of speaking and listening happier teachers and learners!

8 Why develop thinking skills and assessment for learning in the classroom? ACCAC Metacognition is at the heart of learning – reflection of what has been learned and how it has been learned Characteristics of developing thinking and assessment for learning

9 Why develop thinking skills and assessment for learning in the classroom? ACCAC Some essential features of overlapping pedagogy are: focus more on how to learn learners are frequently required to verbalise and to articulate their thinking/learning learners and teachers have a common language of learning focus on group collaboration and co- operation, with teachers facilitating learning

10 Why develop thinking skills and assessment for learning in the classroom? ACCAC learners support each others efforts to learn and jointly construct their learning learners take responsibility for their own learning and make informed decisions learners reflect, monitor and self- evaluate their own progress learners are encouraged to transfer their learning across contexts and to make connections Some essential features of overlapping pedagogy are:

11 Why develop thinking skills and assessment for learning in the classroom? ACCAC the classroom is a safe environment for learners to make mistakes the classroom is a reflective environment where a community of learning can be established. Leads to…. more independent, reflective and resilient learners. Some essential features of overlapping pedagogy are:

12 Why develop thinking skills and assessment for learning in the classroom? ACCAC Fundamental principles underpinning developing thinking and assessment For learning Intelligence is modifiable. Belief that every learner can improve. Deep understanding is more important than superficial learning. Learners need explicit strategies for how to learn. Challenge and interest can lead to motivation. Participation is valued.

13 Why develop thinking skills and assessment for learning in the classroom? ACCAC Collaboration (learning with others) will allow learners to take greater educational risks and take their learning forward. Metacognition (thinking about thinking) is at the heart of the learning and teaching process. Learners need feedback to evaluate their progress in learning. Skills and knowledge must be transferred both within the school and in the wider world.

14 Why develop thinking skills and assessment for learning in the classroom? ACCAC METACOGNITION Developing thinking processes NOT a 3 part lesson!

15 Why develop thinking skills and assessment for learning in the classroom? ACCAC Selected developing thinking principles to try: PlanDevelopReflect Thinking principle Activating prior knowledge, skills and understanding Thinking about cause and effect and making inferences Evaluate own learning and thinking **Determining the process/method/ strategy Forming opinions and making decisions **Reviewing the process/method Determining success criteria Thinking logically and seeking patterns Reviewing outcomes and success criteria Considering evidence, information and ideas Linking and lateral thinking ** and linked principles

16 Why develop thinking skills and assessment for learning in the classroom? ACCAC Assessment for learning processes Three areas for development Questioning Providing feedback to learners Peer and Self-Assessment ** Metacognition is crucial element in learners and teachers understanding and using processes

17 Why develop thinking skills and assessment for learning in the classroom? ACCAC Selected Assessment for learning principles to try: QuestioningProviding feedback to learners Peer and Self- Assessment Assessment for learning principles Improving quality of answers Target Setting/ Next steps On-going lesson assessment Peer discussionImmediacy of feedback Uses of summative assessment Active involvement of all learners

18 Why develop thinking skills and assessment for learning in the classroom? ACCAC What does the extension programme involve? 3 year programme, reviewed annually (started 2009) DCELLS working in partnership with LAs across Wales 50 teachers coached in developing thinking and assessment for learning pedagogy per LEA year programme continuously monitored and evaluated by LAs and DCELLS

19 Why develop thinking skills and assessment for learning in the classroom? ACCAC What support will schools involved in the programme expect? Coaching visits by lead LA advisers to lead teachers Mentoring school visits by DCELLS officers Networking through cluster meetings Virtual support through NGfL forum Practical classroom support and ideas for strategies and tools through DCELLS

20 Why develop thinking skills and assessment for learning in the classroom? ACCAC What will lead teachers be expected to do? choose and trial 3 principles from developing thinking and assessment for learning share and disseminate outcomes in school and within clusters monitor and evaluate processes and outcomes meet with DCELLS through mentoring sessions meet and work with lead LA adviser through coaching sessions

21 Why develop thinking skills and assessment for learning in the classroom? ACCAC What resources are available to help? two web-based booklets: Why develop thinking and assessment for learning in the classroom? How to develop thinking and assessment for learning in the classroom. Weblink: curriculumassessment/thinkingand assessmentforlearning/?lang=en

22 Why develop thinking skills and assessment for learning in the classroom? ACCAC What resources are available to help? BBC DVD – Aiming for excellence – developing thinking NGfL good practice website and forum

23 Why develop thinking skills and assessment for learning in the classroom? ACCAC Where can I view the evaluation report for the pilot programme? Weblink: ls/curriculumassessment/thinkingandasse ssmentforlearning/?lang=en The full evaluation report is available to download from WAG website


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