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UNIT I: Constitutional Underpinnings

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1 UNIT I: Constitutional Underpinnings
Warm-Up Activities

2 Unit 1 Learning Log Check
Name:__________________________ Directions: Score each activity below using the guidelines provided. Write your score on the line provided. If you do not have an activity for a day you had an excused absence, write the letter “A” on the line provided, otherwise write a “0”. Then add up your scores. Total Points (TP) _____ Actual Total (AT) _____ (35 pts.*) Notes: Total Points (TP) is the sum of your warm up scores. To determine your TP, add up the scores for all of your warm ups/written activities. Actual Total (AT) is the sum of a perfect score for each warm-up activity. To determine your AT, add up the scores for all of warm ups you were present for (*the true actual total – perfect attendance). TOTAL SCORE _____/10

3 Free-Response Question (FRQ) No. 1: Introduction to AP PoliSci
Directions: You will have 25 minutes to answer the following question. Be sure to respond to ALL parts of the question. It is suggested that you take a few minutes to plan and outline your answer. In your response, use substantive examples where appropriate. As a student participating in the AP U. S. Government and Politics course this semester you are assured to have both a challenging and rewarding experience. Identify who you are. Be certain to include your name, grade level, past AP experience(s) (including other AP courses you have taken) and or government/social studies courses you have taken. [1 point] Describe one (1) short term goal (i.e., for this course) and one (1) long term goal (for how you believe this course will benefit you in the future). [2 pts.] Explain who was (has been) influential in shaping your public opinions and overall interests in politics. [1 pt.] Cite a current main issue from the past presidential campaign and give one (1) reason why this issue is important today in the United States. [2 pts. w/specific details] Score: _____ /6

4 Understanding & Debating Obamacare (ACA)
Prerequisite terms (Define for Warm-Up) ACA [1 pt ea.] Liberal [1] Conservative [1] Federalism [1] And 1 point for each answer to the “BoR in Action.” [8 pts.] … Write your responses to the BoR in Action questions in your notebook after FRQ No. 1: Intro. to AP PoliSci Score: _____ /12

5 Outline: Federalist No. 10
Create an outline for Madison’s argument in Federalist No. 10. Include a definition of “faction” and the problem it creates for government [2 points] Address the causes of faction [2 pts] Provide Madison’s solution for this problem and why he believes it will work [2 pts] Score: _____ /6

6 Schuman vs. Madison (Conclusion)
How does Schuman define “politics” (pp )? What does this definition mean for you and our political system. [2 points] Schuman concludes Chapter 1 by asserting “that we are living a self-fulfilling prophecy.” What is the prophecy and do you agree? [2 pts.] Can you come up with another way to interpret Madison’s argument that is less sinister (i.e., given the circumstances, the Founders devised the best possible government)? [1 pt., or] Or, if you cannot, can you make the case that Madison was right? [1 pt.] Score: _____ /5

7 War Powers & the Legislative Veto Separation of Powers and Checks & Balances
OBJECTIVE: Students will investigate the War Powers Resolution act and the legislative veto in order to evaluate whether or not separation of powers is a reality today. WAR POWERS ACT (1973): Passed in the aftermath of the Vietnam War, the act required the President to: Report to Congress within 48 hours of committing U.S. troops to hostilities overseas. If both Houses of Congress do not approve of the commitment within 60 days, the forces must withdraw in 30 days. Congress could require the removal of troops before the end of the 60-day period if they vote by simple majority in both houses.

8 War Powers & the Legislative Veto Directions & FRQ
DIRECTIONS: Read the “War Powers, International Alliances, the President, and Congress” article and take notes of the important events and vocabulary. Then complete the FRQ below. Free-Response Question (FRQ) Of all the decisions government makes, none has a greater impact than the decision to enter armed conflict. In your essay, do the following: Discuss a way in which the War Powers Resolution might limit foreign wars. [1 point] Identify why the legislative veto aspect of the resolution might jeopardize the legality of the resolution. [1 pt.] Identify one advantage the president has over Congress in war making, and one advantage that Congress has over the president. [2 pts.] Discuss how unilateral and multilateral approaches to war making illustrate presidential discretion in war powers. [2 pts.] Score: _____ /6

9 War Powers & the Legislative Veto INS v. Chadha (1981)
Facts An immigration law passed by Congress holds that the attorney general can suspend the deportation of an illegal immigrant if the immigrant would sustain “severe hardship” as a result. Additionally, if either the Senate or House of Representatives voted by majority to veto the attorney general’s decision regarding deportation. Chadha was a student who had remained in the US with an expired Visa. The attorney general held that he should remain in the US due to hardship. The House of Representatives vetoed the decision to grant amnesty, thereby sustaining the deportation order. Chadha brought this litigation after the legislative veto. Issue Whether a single house can vote to override an executive decision (legislative veto) such that it violates the principle of separation of powers. Holding Yes, Act invalidated. The court recognize the argument of “efficiency” regarding a single house vote. Efficiency is achieved by this measure because the attorney general may frequently override deportation and calling both houses of the legislature to vote for each instance would be time consuming and burdensome. However, the constitution is very clear that legislative decisions are to be bicameral. There are reasons relating to fair representation of states that maintain this justification as paramount, particularly when weighed against arguments of efficiency. The act of overriding an executive veto is inherently legislative and therefore requires bicameral, legislative support.

10 The Anti-Federalist No. 17
Directions: In the Woll Reader, read Reading 7: “The Anti-Federalist Papers No. 17” (pp ) and answer the questions below (p. 6). The Anti-Federalists worried that the new Constitution would: Enhance state power to the detriment of the national government. Undermine state sovereignty. Establish a weak national government. Create strong political parties. The Anti-Federalists felt that excessive national power would be the result of the: Supremacy clause of the Constitution. Congressional powers to tax and spend. Power of Congress to raise and support armies. all of the above

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