2 Fort Ross was established north of San Francisco Fort Ross was built in 1812 by fur trappers from Russia and Alaskan settlersBuilt to help Russian trade with Spanish settlers in CABecame the largest fur-trading post south of AlaskaFur trapping began after Vitus Bering discovered the Bering Strait and path to resources of the North American continentOther forts served as military postsForts established later served as trading posts
3 Russian SettlementsMexico came from the south and Russian settlers came from the northwest1812 Ivan Kuskov led group of Russian and Alaskan fur trappers to San Francisco areaWithin 10 years the trappers caught most of the sea otters for furLeft in early 1840’s because they couldn’t farm the land
4 Many Mexican settlements were located near the coast 1821 Mexico gained independence from Spain and took control of CAMexicans moved north to CA for farmlandMissions became Mexican settlementsMission settlements= good place to live, farm and trade b/c near coastOriginal San Diego missions abandoned in 1834Troops occupied it and surrounding areaThe church regained control of SD mission in 1834Operated as a school for CA Indians from
5 Sutter’s Fort established near Sacramento 1839 Mexican government gave John Sutter a land grant for an area in Sacramento ValleyCenter of the colony Sutter establishedWhere Sacramento and American Rivers metSutter sold supplies to travelersHe offered employmentImmigrants and CA IndiansGold discovered on Sutter property by James MarshallMarshall was a carpenterSutter’s son founded Sacramento in 1848
6 Cause and EffectMexico won independence from Spain CA became part of Mexico Mexicans moved north to CA to farm Mexicans built settlements in CA Kuskov led a group of trappers to They built Fort Ross as a trading area north of San Francisco post
7 Open Book QuizAnswer each question in a paragraph. Restate the question in your answer.Explain why Mexicans built settlements in CACompare and contrast Fort Ross and Sutter’s Fort
Your consent to our cookies if you continue to use this website.