2 Mexican War of 1846April 1846 war between the US and Mexico happened on the Rio Grande RiverRio Grande was the border/boundary between the two countriesApril 25, a large force of Mexicans crossed the riverAttacked US soldiers
3 Causes of the Mexican War 1821 Mexico gained independence from SpainOwned large amounts of land Mexican provinces (New Mexico, California, and Texas)US settlers in Texas didn’t like Mexican rule1836 settlers fought and won Texas Revolution and became independent from Mexico= became own country1845 US annexed (added) Texas to the USMade Mexican gov’t angryUS wanted to expand west= manifest destiny1845 US tried to buy land west from MexicoWilling to pay $30 million, but Mexico refused
4 Leading to the Bear Flag Revolt Mexican war began and as Colonel Kearney led troops through the Mexican provinces, they claimed towns they passed.Kearney told Mexicans that land belonged to USAugust 18, 1846: Kearney and troops reached Santa Fe, New MexicoNew Mexico raised army of Mexicans and American Indians- they left their post= Kearney raising US flagMost New Mexicans accepted it, but a group of New Mexicans and Pueblo Indians started a rebellion in TaosUS eventually stopped the rebellion and New Mexico was under the control of the US
5 The War in California: Summer 1846 Californios and American Indians wanted Mexico to continue to governAmerican settlers did notUS army captain, John Fremont encouraged a small group of settlers in northern CA to rebelJune 14, 1846: small group of settlers rose up in SonomaArrested Mexican army commander and captured military weaponsSettlers wrote a declaration of independence from Mexico and declared CA to be the Bear Flag Republic
6 The Bear Flag RevoltBear Flag rebels had minimal control of northern CAJuly 1846 American soldiers came and took over the land claimed by the Bear Flag rebelsOther soldiers claimed Los Angeles and San DiegoMilitary leaders were in control, but had troubleOnly a few hundred soldiers supported themThey angered the Californios b/c they set harsh rulesDidn’t allow them to carry weaponsCalifornios rebelled and gained control of southern CAJanuary 1847: Kearney stopped rebellionUS captured CA
7 Changes in control of CA in the 1840’s: The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo Treaty named after the city north of Mexico City where treaty was signedUnited States paid $15 million for the area of Arizona, California, western Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, and UtahU.S. also settled $3 million in claims made by the U.S. citizens against Mexico
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