Presentation on theme: "3-2: How and why did people travel to California? 2/20/14."— Presentation transcript:
3-2: How and why did people travel to California? 2/20/14
The US started to expand in the early 1800’s 1820-1920: 34 million people immigrated to the US Europeans came in search of better lives After uncomfortable sea journeys lasting 3 months, many new Americans traveled from Ellis Island in NY to St. Louis, Missouri St. Lewis was the gateway to the West People wanted to move West to find work and settlers could buy their own farms.
US expansion continued Traveling by land: Traveling West from the eastern states (like Missouri) to CA by foot= 2000 miles Traveling by sea: Traveling West from NY to SF by sea through the Isthmus of Panama= 3-5 months Men often traveled west while families stayed at home b/c it was a long and dangerous journey
Pair share What do you think travelers encountered when coming to CA by land? By sea? There were no cars or airplanes People had nowhere to sleep, except in tents/wagons, or out in the open Panama Canal Route: did not exist until early 1800’s Didn’t open until early 1900’s
Settlers followed trails leading west: John Bidwell Led first group of American settlers from Missouri and traveled by land In CA: Worked at Sutter’s Fort and as a politician Helped create/write the 1846 Bear Flag Revolution of Independence 1 st person to find gold in Feather River With fortune= became leading agriculturist
James Beckwourth African American frontier scout Guided immigrants through the Sierra Nevada mountains A worker who took care of horses in fur trading expeditions Discovered Beckwourth Pass Many settlers looking for gold and land traveled through it to get to CA Lived in several American Indian settlements Became famous b/c was a book was written about him
Pair Share What are the 3 ways that settlers traveled from the east coast of the United States to get to California?
Group Activity: Advertise the best way to get to CA from the east coast (there’s no right answer) In your table groups, your poster must answer these questions: In your opinion, which route should travelers take? Why? What challenges might you encounter? Climate Other people Time to travel Distance Other???
Before you begin… What are different ways you can come to a consensus about which way your group should advertise?