BATH broadening æ ɑː / _ [-voi +fric] bæθ bɑːθ Some words resisted this change: math(s), mass, tassel, dash. Compare class-classic, pass-passage. Others were coined or borrowed later: gas. bath vs. math(s), castle vs. tassel, pass vs. gas This change was resisted in the north of England as well as in north America. pass, glass, grass, staff, raft, laugh, bath, path, after, castle
TRAP-BATH split æ ɑː / _ n [-voi -son +cor] slænt slɑːnt Some words resisted this change: ant, cant, manse, cancer, cancel; stand, grand, ample aunt vs. ant, answer vs. cancer, example vs. ample These words also retained /æ/ in the Leeward Islands and in most of Australia. slant, grant, aunt, can't, dance, chance, answer, chancel, branch, ranch; also demand, Alexander, example
lexical incidence: BATH words typical southern accent TRAPæ BATHɑː STARTɑː gas, pass, farce æ ɑː ɑː typical northern accent TRAPa BATHa STARTaː gas, pass, farce a a aː
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