Presentation on theme: "FEDERACJA KONSUMENTÓW RADA KRAJOWA POLISH CONSUMER FEDERATION NATIONAL COUNCIL Aleja Stanów Zjednoczonych 53, 04-028 Warszawa Sekretariat: (48 22) 827."— Presentation transcript:
FEDERACJA KONSUMENTÓW RADA KRAJOWA POLISH CONSUMER FEDERATION NATIONAL COUNCIL Aleja Stanów Zjednoczonych 53, Warszawa Sekretariat: (48 22) , fax (48 22) FINACIAL HEALTH OF TODAY`S (POLISH) CONSUMERS Financial capability of European consumers: Best practice and long term solutions Brussels 27th January 2010
Consumer Federation is a non-governmental, independent organization founded in 1981 whose main aim is the protection of an individual consumer in Poland. It operates in the whole country thanks to the network of 48 local advice offices which provide legal advice and cooperate with volunteers. In 1999 Consumer Federation became a member of European Consumers` Organization (BEUC). Consumer Federation is also member of Consumers International – since It is difficult to find a sphere of the social life that would not involve consumer protection. Thus, Federation has always tried to help Polish consumers efficiently.
Polish Consumer Federation: Co-operates with other organisations and governmental agencies, such as: Office of Competition and Consumer Protection, Polish Financial supervision Authority, Office of Electronic Communications, Energy Regulator Office, Insurance Ombudsman. Provides free of charge legal advice to all consumers, even if they do not belong to our organization. Anyone who would come, call or send a letter to one of 48 our branches will be provided with our help, free of charge. Represents Polish Consumers in the European economic and Social Committee and in European Consumer Consultative Group (DG Sanco)
Initiates pro-consumer changes in legislation. Creates consumer lobby to promote consumers interests, seeking support for consumer protection policy among Parliament members. Consumer Federations lawyers work in standardization and certification commissions provides schools with consumer education programs. Teachers enrich their lessons with programs prepared by Federation. During the lessons students not only get familiar with legal regulations, but they also analyze their own consumer behaviour and recognize the role of a consumer in the modern society. Co-operates with media Programmes (Project Information – Comparative test of financial products)
direct, written, via , via telephone legal written interventions on behalf of consumers mediation participation in Consumer Courts participation in court cases concerning consumer law
Iconsumer in polish law: Art Civil Code: As a consumer is considered a natural person carrying out legal activities not directly linked to his trade or profession.
Consumer protection of different levels: European Union law National law Governments supervision NGOs supervision
Polish law: Ustawa z dnia 29 sierpnia 1997 r. prawo bankowe (Dz.U ), Ustawa z dnia 20 lipca 2001r. o kredycie konsumenckim (Dz.U ) Ustawa z dnia12 września 2002 r. o elektronicznych instrumentach płatniczych (Dz.U ) Ustawa z dnia 2 marca 2000 r. o ochronie niektórych praw konsumentów oraz o odpowiedzialności za szkodę wyrządzona przez produkt niebezpieczny (Dz.U ) Ustawa 23 sierpnia 2007 r. o przeciwdziałaniu nieuczciwym praktykom rynkowym (Dz.U )
Governments supervision: National Bank of Poland – banks Polish Financial Supervision Authority – banks, insurance companies, stock exchange Office of Competition and Consumer Protection – banks and financial institutions
NGO sector: Consumer organizations Arbitration in consumer banking
Consumers needs: Education – financial education in schools, trainings and lectures, educational materials. Consumers in Poland, especially older ones, have low level of knowledge in the are of financial market. Education of household financial management including credit commitments. Legal advice - in case of conflict with the bank or other financial institution, consumer needs legal assistance, as a weaker party. In Poland it is registered and operating in 92 banks and branches of banks, credit institutions and foreign banks and 579 cooperative. Product range is therefore very rich.
Impact of financial crisis on the Polish consumer's point of view: Amendments to contracts by the banks: increasing interest rates, increasing the security of mortgage contracts - banks often on the basis of illegal entries change its contract with customers so as to protect themselves.
Reduced availability of credit products, increasing the range of term deposits. Banks and financial supervision institutions have placed greater demands on the customer's creditworthiness, its evaluation by the bank. As a result, fewer consumers can get a mortgage
Excessive debt - the most severe effects of the crisis. During the credit boom, many consumers obtain loans despite the lack of creditworthiness. Banking products have been sold without checking the credibility (for a declaration as proof) just to get the better results. As a result, consumers not having enough knowledge about financial services and budget management of the home, felt into the credit loop (basic and most popular error: taking credit for the repayment of the instalments without debt consolidation)
FEDERACJA KONSUMENTÓW RADA KRAJOWA POLISH CONSUMER FEDERATION NATIONAL COUNCIL Pl. Powstańców Warszawy 1/3, Warszawa, Polska Sekretariat: (48 22) , fax (48 22) Thank you for attention. Lukasz Wozniacki lawyer Federacja Konsumentów