Presentation on theme: "Pronombres de objeto directo e indirecto"— Presentation transcript:
1Pronombres de objeto directo e indirecto Direct and Indirect Object Pronouns
2Unos términos gramaticales: Sustantivo – (Noun) A person, place, or thing.Pronombre – (Pronoun) Takes the place of a noun.Objeto directo – (Direct Object) What is being “verbed”: Answers the question “Whom?” or “What?”.Objeto indirecto – (Indirect Object) Answers the questions “To whom?” “For whom?” or “From whom?”.
3This Saturday is my sister’s birthday This Saturday is my sister’s birthday. I want to buy a gift for my sister tomorrow. I don’t want to pay too much for the gift. I think I’ll buy the gift for my sister at K-Mart. I need to send the gift to my sister by Overnight Mail. I think I’ll ship the gift to my sister by FedEx, that way I’ll be sure that the gift will arrive on time for the party. I hope that my sister will like the gift.
4This Saturday is my sister’s birthday This Saturday is my sister’s birthday. I want to buy a gift for HER tomorrow. I don’t want to pay too much for IT. I think I’ll buy IT for HER at K-Mart. I need to send IT to HER by Overnight Mail. I think I’ll ship IT to HER by FedEx, that way I’ll be sure that IT will arrive on time for the party. I hope that SHE will like IT.
5Direct Object Pronouns metelo lanoslos las“Whom?”“What?”Be sure to copy these down!! We will refer to them later.
6Indirect Object Pronouns metelenosles“To whom?”“For whom?”“From whom?”Copy these down too! We’ll need them again.
7Por ejemplo . . . Yo compré un regalo a mi hermana. S V --- OD --- OIYocompréun regaloa mi hermana.Let’s “deconstruct” this sentence!!What is the verb?Is there something left in the sentence that answers “TO WHOM?”, “FOR WHOM?”, or “FROM WHOM?” I bought el regalo?We’re going to break this sentence apart.What is the subject?Is there something left in the sentence that answers “WHOM?” or “WHAT” I bought?
8lo Yo compré un regalo a mi hermana. Is there a pronoun from our direct object list that can take the place of the direct object un regalo that is both singular and masculine?
9le Yo compré lo a mi hermana. Is there a pronoun from our indirect object list that can take the place of the indirect object a mi hermana?In Spanish, we will consider the whole “for my sister” as the Indirect Object even though it is a prepositional phrase.
11Rules of Pronoun Placement BEFORE the Conjugated Verb.ATTACHED to the Infinitive.ATTACHED to the Gerund.ATTACHED to the Affirmative Command.BEFORE the Negative Command, butAFTER the “No.”Copy these down if you don’t remember them from earlier this year.
12BEFORE the Conjugated Verb. Yocomprélole.BEFORE the Conjugated Verb.Which of the Rules of Pronoun Placement applies to this sentence?
19¡Practiquemos! ¡No compres un regalo a mi hermana! ¡No se lo compres! Estoy comprando un regalo a mi hermana.Estoy comprándoselo.Voy a comprar un regalo a mi hermana.Voy a comprárselo.¡Compra un regalo a mi hermana!¡Cómpraselo!