# Latitude and Longitude:

## Presentation on theme: "Latitude and Longitude:"— Presentation transcript:

Latitude and Longitude:
Finding Locations on Planet Earth.

TP: How can we use grid systems to find location on the earth.
Anchor: Use the grid to find and give the locations of the points.

Absolute vs. Relative Location
Relative location: The location of an object or place in relation to another object or place. The school is near Union Sq. Park The school is near 14 st Absolute location: The school is located at 40 irving pl. , NY NY Or the school is located on irving place between East 16th and 17th street.

What is a grid system? A grid system allows us to use two points to find one point of reference. We need this system on our planet so we can find the exact location of something Have you ever seen this and wondered what they really mean? 12 12” 21’ W ’ N

Latitude lines run east/west but they measure north or south of the equator (0°) splitting the earth into the Northern Hemisphere and Southern Hemisphere.

Latitude Lines of latitude are numbered from 0° at the equator to 90° N at the North Pole. TEKS: Social Studies – 6.22 (A), Using social studies terminology correctly 7.22 (A), 8.31 (A) Lines of latitude are numbered from 0° at the equator to 90° S at the South Pole.

45° N is the 45° line of latitude north of the equator.
Latitude The North Pole is at 90° N The equator is at 0° latitude. It is neither north nor south. It is at the center between north and south The South Pole is at 90° S 45° N is the 45° line of latitude north of the equator. 45° S is the 45° line of latitude south of the equator. TEKS: Social Studies – 6.22 (A), Using social studies terminology correctly 7.22 (A), 8.31 (A)

Longitude N North Pole W E West Longitude East Longitude PRIME MERIDIAN S Lines of longitude are numbered east from the Prime Meridian and west from the Prime Meridian. TEKS: Social Studies – 6.22 (A), Using social studies terminology correctly 7.22 (A), 8.31 (A)

Prime Meridian The Prime Meridian (0°) splits the earth into the Western Hemisphere and Eastern Hemisphere. Prime Meridian Western Hemisphere Eastern Hemisphere Places located east of the ___________________ _____________________________________________ _______________________________________ TEKS: Social Studies – 6.22 (A), Using social studies terminology correctly 7.22 (A), 8.31 (A)

Any location north of the equator is a NORTH LATITUDE

Any location south of the equator is a SOUTH LATITUDE

Any location west of the prime meridian is a WEST LONGITUDE

Any location east of the prime meridian is an EAST LONGITUDE

By combining latitude and longitude, any location can be pinpointed

What are the coordinates of location......A
60°N, 30°W 75°S, 75°E 15°S, 105°W Each box on this map is 15°. With that in mind how can we identify specific locations (red dots)? Remember, write latitude first! What are the coordinates of location......A What are the coordinates of location......B What are the coordinates of location......C But what about location D ? It’s in the middle of a box. What do we do now?

Here are some things to remember:
> Latitude is written first and must always include N (north) or S (south) of the equator. > Longitude is written next and must always include E (east) or W (west) of the prime meridian.

Where are longitude and latitude maps on you reference tables and how can we use them.

See If You Can Tell In Which Hemispheres These Lon/Lats Are Located
1. 41°N, 21°E 2. 37°N, 76°W 3. 72°S, 141°W 4. 7°S, 23°W 5. 15°N, 29°E 6. 34°S, 151°E A B D C

Let's See How You Did! 1. B 2. A 3. C 4. C 5. B 6. D

Sweating the details Each degree can be broken down in to minutes and seconds. Each degree has 60 minutes The minutes move by 15’s (15,30,45) The minutes increase in the direction in which the major degree of longitude or latitude is increasing.

Interactive activity thguide/diagrams/latitude_longit ude/

Now you’re ready to find some locations on a map!