Elements of a Story Plot is the organized pattern or sequence of events that make up a story.
Diagram of Plot Setting, characters, Introduction / Exposition Development/ Rising Action conflict is introducted Climax Falling Action Resolution
Putting It All Together 1. Exposition 2. Rising Action 3. Climax 4. Falling Action 5. Resolution Beginning of Story Middle of Story End of Story
SettingSetting Details that describe setting: Scenery Scenery Customs Customs Transportation Transportation Clothing Clothing Dialects Dialects Weather Weather Time of day/year Time of day/year Time and place or where the action occurs
The Functions of a Setting To create a mood To show a reader a different way of life To make action seem more realistic To increase the conflict or struggle To symbolize an idea
Characters The person, animals, and things in the story Dynamic under goes important changes Static- remains the same throughout the story
Characters Protagonis t and antagonist The protagonist - the main character; the one with whom the reader identifies. The antagonist is the force in opposition of the protagonist
Conflict Conflict is the dramatic struggle between two forces in a story. Without conflict, there is no plot. Internal –character is facing a conflict within him/herself External-outside factor
Types of External Conflict Character vs Nature Character vs Society Character vs Character
Point of View First Person Point of View- uses the pronouns “I” and “me”. Narrator is in the story Third Person Point of View- an outside narrator is telling the story; uses the pronouns “he”, “she”, “they”
Types of Third-Person Point of View Third-Person Limited The narrator knows the thoughts and feelings of only ONE character in a story. Third-Person Omniscient The narrator knows the thoughts and feeling of ALL the characters in a story. Objective Point of View- The narrator does not reveal anyone one character’s thoughts/feeling
Literary Terms Mood is the feeling that the author tries to convey throughout the story. Tone -expresses the write/author’s attitude toward his/her subject Imagery - words and phrase that appeal to the five senses. Feel –sight-smell-taste-sound Irony - when one thing is expected to happen but something else happens
Special Techniques used in a Story Suspense- excitement, tension, curiosity Foreshadowing- hint or clue about what will happen in story Flashback- interrupts the normal sequence of events to tell about something that happened in the past Symbolism – use of specific objects or images to represent ideas Personification – when you make a thing, idea or animal do something only humans do Simile –using like or as to compare two things Metaphor –a comparison not using like or as
Theme theme is the message about life that the write shares with the reader Theme-moral-message-lesson What is this story telling me about how life works, or how people behave?