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the main character, or the one most central to the action of the story
the person, thing, or force working against the protagonist
author’s reason for creating a work
a person, animal, or imaginary creature that takes part in the action of a story
the techniques an author uses to develop the personality of a character in a literary work
the author tells you what to feel or think about a character
the author gives you information about a character through actions, speech, thoughts, feelings, and interactions that allow the reader to form an opinion
the most important character(s)
less important—they interact with the main characters and one another, but readers don’t know much about them
characters that stay the same throughout the story
characters that change from beginning to end— often they will learn something
the words that characters speak—can move the plot along and reveal a lot about characters
a form of language that is spoken in a particular place or by a particular group of people
the feeling that the work gives to readers—writers use words, phrases, and images to create ______
the action or sequence of events in a story
First part of plot—setting, characters and background info. are all introduced
the event that introduces the central conflict
series of conflicts or struggles that build the story toward its climax—tension rises
the high point or turning point of the story—the last big event dealing with the conflict
the action that begins to settle the conflict
the ending—brings the story to a satisfactory close
1.. Exposition 2. Inciting incident 3. Rising Action 4. Climax 5. Falling Action 6. Resolution
the problem of the story that triggers the action
problem with another character
person vs. person
problem with laws or beliefs of a group of people
person vs. society
problem with the environment
person vs. nature
problem deciding what to do or think
person vs. self
problem that seems to be uncontrollable
person vs. fate
the perspective from which a story is told
Point of View
story is told by one of the characters—uses pronouns like “I” or “we”—limited to only one character’s knowledge, thoughts, and feelings
First person p.o.v.
story is told by a narrator who is not a character in the story—uses pronouns like “he,” “she,” “they”
Third person p.o.v.
the time and place (year, season, time of day, weather, country, state, neighborhood, building, home, etc.) in which the action of a story occurs— clues are given by the author (clothing, customs, transportation, dialects)
a person, place, thing or event used to represent something else— context clues help you figure out what a symbol means
the statement or lesson about life that the author wants the reader to understand….similar to a moral
the category or type of literature
the author gives hints or clues about what might happen in the future
the author interrupts the sequence of events to tell about something in the past
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