Presentation on theme: ""Who are some people shown on coins and bills in the USA? Why do you think we chose those people?""— Presentation transcript:
"Who are some people shown on coins and bills in the USA? Why do you think we chose those people?"
It makes sense that the UK would have Queen Elizabeth II on their money, but why would so many other places around the world have her picture on theirs?
Imperialism Imperialism : When one country takes control of another country. A more powerful country dominates the political, economic, or cultural affairs of a weaker country. Reasons: 1. Economic 2. Political 3. Cultural
Economic Motives Europeans wanted cheap raw ________ for their factories. These materials included cotton, wood rubber, and ______ Africa was also seen as a potential _______ for European goods. materials ivory markets
Political Motives __________in European countries was strong Rivalries among European countries led to a race to see who could obtain the most _________ Nationalism colonies
Cultural Motives “The White Man’s Burden”—The idea that people in civilized nations had the duty to spread western culture and ideas around the world.
Cultural Motive Example: Religion Europeans thought that _________ was superior to all other forms of religion Europeans wanted to spread Christianity to ______ Along with Christianity they also spread European ______ Christianity Africa culture
The Berlin Conference of 1885 The “_________________” saw each European power trying to establish colonies in Africa At the conference, the Europeans agreed to _______up Africa among themselves. ____ representatives from Africa were present. scramble for Africa divide No
African Resistance Many African people attempted to _____ the takeover of their lands European ______ was too technologically advanced Millions of African fighters were ______ resist warfare killed
Effects of European Rule-Political Europeans installed governments based on ______ ideas and run by Western gov’ts Traditional African rulers were stripped of any real ______ Western powers
Effect of European Rule-Economic Europeans exploited the African economies for ______ African economies were based on “CASH CROPS”-as decided by __________ power Europeans
Money Economy Economies moved to a money economy from a _______ economy Traditional patterns of life were disrupted as Africans had to pay ______ in cash Men had to work away from their villages to earn ______ Europeans did improve things like roads, _________,communications, and sanitation Most of these improvements were made to benefit Europeans in _______ barter taxes cash health care Africa