Presentation on theme: " Topic/Objective: Describe key people and compromises that occurred during the Constitutional Convention. Essential Question: What role did compromises."— Presentation transcript:
Topic/Objective: Describe key people and compromises that occurred during the Constitutional Convention. Essential Question: What role did compromises play in the Constitutional Convention (CC) ?
1) Alexander Hamilton was the original person to propose a meeting. 2) 55 delegates from 12 states came to meet at Philadelphia. 3) Rhode Island did not send delegates because of its strong opposition to a strong national government.
4) This meeting, later became known as the Constitutional Convention. 5) Original purpose of the CC - to revise the Articles of Confederation, not draft a whole new document.
1) George Washington Unanimously chosen president of the convention Seen as a dignified leader
2) James Madison Took detailed notes & contributed many ideas to the convention. Did not miss a single meeting Today he is called the “Father of the Constitution.”
1) The Virginia Plan Legislative Branch - lawmaking branch was to be made of 2 “houses” The Congress Upper House = Senate Lower House = House of Representatives
Proportional Representation – representation in both houses would be determined by state population States with larger populations would get more representatives than states with smaller pops. Larger states (pop) supported this plan.
2) The New Jersey Plan Legislative Branch – lawmaking branch would be made up of one “house”. One vote for each state regardless of size. Smaller states (pop) supported this plan.
3) The Great Compromise aka The Connecticut Compromise House of Reps – number of reps determined by each state’s pop Senate – number of reps would be 2 per state no matter what its pop
1) Major Issue: Slaves - Property vs People 2) More slaves in the South than the North. 3) South - wanted slaves to count as pop for representation purposes, but not for taxation. 4) North - wanted slaves to count for taxation, but not for representation purposes 5) Commerce = Trade South feared Congress would end the slave trade
6) 3/5 Compromise 3/5’s of the slave population would be counted for representation in Congress and taxation. The National government would control all trade Imports could be taxed, but not exports. The slave trade would end in 20 years (1808).
Sept 17, 1787 - 39 delegates signed the Constitution. Now it had to be ratified (officially approved) by each state to become the “Supreme law of the land.”