Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

The Constitutional Convention May 1787 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "The Constitutional Convention May 1787 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Constitutional Convention May 1787 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

2 Who was there? 55 delegates Lawyers, physicians, generals, governors, planters, and a college president Well educated All states represented,except Rhode Island

3 George Washington Presided over meeting Gave the meeting greater significance Would later become the first president of the United States

4 Benjamin Franklin Oldest delegate (80 years old) Like Washington, was well respected and added a positive presence to the meetings

5 Gouverneur Morris Powerful speaker and writer Wrote the Preamble Wrote final draft of Constitution Tried to get Constitutional Convention to ban slavery

6 James Madison Father of the Constitution His notes became the best record of what happened at the convention. Supporter of strong central government

7 Edmund Randolph Governor of Virginia Proposed creating strong national government instead of rewriting Articles Introduced Virginia Plan to convention

8 William Paterson Presented the New Jersey plan, a plan that revised the Articles of Confederation

9 Roger Sherman Proposed a compromise to the New Jersey and Virginia plan which came to be known as The Great Compromise

10 What Influenced the Framers? English Parliamentary Traditions –The Magna Carta (1215) –The English Bill of Rights (1689) Enlightenment Thinkers –John Locke Natural Rights –Baron de Montesquieu Separation of Powers

11 Debates, Decisions and Compromises Convention began by choosing George Washington to preside over meetings. Each state would have one vote on all questions. The delegates decided to keep all the sessions secret. This made it possible for the delegates to talk freely.

12 The Virginia Plan Proposed by Edmund Randolph Two-house (bicameral) legislature Members of the lower house elected by the people Members of the upper house elected by the lower house Number of representatives would be proportional to the population of each state

13 The New Jersey Plan Proposed by William Paterson Kept Confederation’s One-House legislature Gave Congress the power to tax and regulate trade Congress would elect a weak executive branch consisting of more than one person

14 The Great Compromise Suggested by Roger Sherman Two-House legislature Lower House (House of Representatives) –Membership would be proportional to population of the state Upper House (Senate) –Each state would have two members

15 Slavery Issue Northern states wanted to ban slavery throughout the nation Southern states considered slavery essential to their economies It was agreed that Congress would not interfere with the slave trade until 1808

16 The 3/5 Compromise Southern states wanted slaves to be counted as population for the purpose of representation in the House of Representatives Northerners wanted slaves to be counted as property and taxed Compromise—slaves would be counted as 3/5 of a free person for the purpose of taxation AND representation

17 Ratification 9 out of 13 states had to ratify (approve) the Constitution Federalists-supporters of the Constitution –James Madison, Alexander Hamilton and John Jay defended the Constitution in The Federalist Papers Anti-Federalists-opposed ratification –Lacked a bill of rights to protect individual freedoms

18 Adopting the Constitution June 21, 1788—New Hampshire (the 9 th state) ratified the Constitution June 25, 1788—Virginia ratified the Constitution June 26, 1788—New York ratified the Constitution November 1789— Constitution ratified by North Carolina May 1790—Constitution ratified by Rhode Island

Download ppt "The Constitutional Convention May 1787 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania."

Similar presentations

Ads by Google