2 A Constitutional Convention is Called What events encouraged leaders to call a Constitutional Convention?Delegates from 5 states met in Annapolis, MDAlexander HamiltonThe changes they wanted required amending the Articles of ConfederationMost people didn’t think the government needed to be changed…what changed their minds?Trade, trade lawsStrengthen national governmentTaxes
3 The Convention’s Delegates Who were some of the key delegates?There were 55, known as the Founding FathersWhich state did not participate?What groups of Americans were not represented at the Convention? Why?Native AmericansAfrican AmericansWomen
4 The Delegates Assemble Pre-war, people saw government as a threat to citizen’s rights.Now how do they feel?What challenges faced the delegates at the Convention?How to set up a strong but limited federal government.
5 The Convention BeginsWhy did the delegates select George Washington as president of the Convention?Respected leaderWhy did the delegates vote to make discussions at the Convention secret?To be able to consider all options freely, without outside influences
6 The Virginia PlanEdmund Randolph presented a plan (it was developed before the Convention began), that became known as the Virginia PlanTwo-house legislatureBased on a state’s population or wealthThree branches of governmentLegislature – made the lawsExecutive – enforce the lawsJudicial – interpret the laws
7 The New Jersey Plan Presented by William Paterson One-house legislatureOne state, one voteWhat was this similar to?Gave power to regulate trade and tax importsHow did the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan differ?Why did the issue of representation in Congress divide the large states from the smaller states?
8 The Great Compromise Delegates could not come to an agreement A special committee was chosen to work out a compromiseHow did the Great (Connecticut/Sherman) Compromise satisfy the concerns of the large and the smaller states?
10 Slavery and the Constitution Representation is to be based on population for the House of Representatives…but how, then, to determine population?Southern states wanted slaves counted for representation but not for taxation
11 The Three-Fifths Compromise How did the states resolve the debate over representation for enslaved Americans?Three-fifths of the slave population would be counted for taxes and to determine representationHow did the states compromise over the issue of slave trade?Congress could not ban the slave trade until 1808
13 Regulating TradeWhat did Southern states give up in debates over trade issues?Agreed to a tax on the slave tradeAgreed to export laws by national government
14 The ConstitutionConstitutional Convention approves the Constitution on Saturday, September 15, 1787.
15 Key TermsConstitutional Convention – a meeting held in 1787 to consider changes to the Articles of Confederation; resulted in the drafting of the ConstitutionJames Madison – delegate to the Constitutional Convention; known as the “Father of the Constitution;” took detailed notesVirginia Plan – a plan proposed by Edmund Randolph, a delegate to the Constitutional Convention in 1787, that proposed a government with three branches and a two-house legislature in which representation would be based on a state’s population or wealthNew Jersey Plan – a plan of government proposed at the Constitutional Convention in 1787 that called for a one-house legislature in which each state would have one voteGreat Compromise – the Constitutional Convention’s agreement to establish a two-house national legislature, with all states having equal representation in one house and each state having representation based on its population in the other houseThree-Fifths Compromise – the Constitutional Convention’s agreement to count three-fifths of a state’s slaves as population for purposes of representation and taxation