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Reading Expository Text How to become a better reader. by S. Nelson & M. Wells J. Barker Elementary 2006.

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Presentation on theme: "Reading Expository Text How to become a better reader. by S. Nelson & M. Wells J. Barker Elementary 2006."— Presentation transcript:

1 Reading Expository Text How to become a better reader. by S. Nelson & M. Wells J. Barker Elementary 2006

2 Expository Text Expository text makes up the bulk of (most of) what adults read.  teachers read text books  policemen read reports and records  lawyers read legal papers  veterinarians read medical books In school, after 2nd or 3rd grade, this is also true. (Often the only exception is reading fiction books during A. R. time).

3 Expository Texts include:  text books,  non-fiction trade (library) books,  newspaper & magazine articles,  directions,  essays,  speeches,  user manuals (how-to guides),  government documents (such as the driver’s license test booklet).

4 There are certain elements found in expository text, each type of element makes its own demands on the reader:  description,  sequence,  comparison,  cause & effect,  problem & solution.

5 Elements of Expository Text: 1. description – The author lists characteristics, features, and examples to describe a subject. Bats Have wings They fly sleep in daytime hang upside down different kinds they are mammals use soundwaves eat insects

6 Description Purpose: to tell what something is, to present an item’s attributes or properties, to show what an item or place is like Helps us visualize and understand a topic Descriptive adjectives help us visualize the topic Explains the characteristics of the subject or topic and uses details

7 Description Signal Words clearly, logically, surely, in conclusion, therefore

8 Elements of Expository Text: 2. sequence – The author lists items or events in numerical or chronological order. Clue words include first, second, third, next, then and finally. Olympics began in 276 B.C. Olympics ended in 394 A.D. Modern Olympics began in 1896 Almost 300 males competed in the 1896 Olympics

9 Sequence Also known as time order, sequence, or temporal order Transition words such as first, next, later, after, before, following, then, in addition to, followed by, and finally are included to help the reader understand how events relate to one another Dates and times are also used

10 Elements of Expository Text: 3. comparison – The author explains how two or more things are alike or different. Clue words include different, in contrast, alike, same as, or on the other hand. Summer and Winter seasons – sun shines sports are played no snow warmer temperatures flowers baby animals Easter & 4 th of July snow colder temperatures no flowers blooming bears hibernate Christmas & New Years

11 Comparison Transition words may include like, similar, unlike, on the other hand, also, same as, different from, resembles, yet, as well as, alike, however and too

12 Elements of Expository Text: 4. cause & effect – The author explains one or more causes and the resulting effect or effects. Clue words are reasons why, if, then, as a result, therefore, and because.

13 Cause and Effect Transition words such as cause, effect, as a result, consequently, so, so that, because of, since, in order to, are used

14 Elements of Expository Text: 5. problem & solution – The author states a problem and lists one or more solutions for the problem. Clue words are problem is, dilemma is, puzzle is, solve, question, and answer.

15 For example, a weatherman would use an expository text to explain the causes and consequences of the weather, drawing examples from various sources to illustrate (to show) his points, perhaps even including a graph/map or some photographs. Radar Map Precipitation Map

16 Problem Solution This text structure can be confused with cause and effect The key difference is that problem and solution always has a solution, while cause and effect does not Transitions may include problem, solution, solve, effect, hopeful, concern, challenge, resolve

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