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Reading Expository Text

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Presentation on theme: "Reading Expository Text"— Presentation transcript:

1 Reading Expository Text

2 Expository Texts include:
text books, non-fiction trade (library) books, newspaper & magazine articles, directions, essays, speeches, user manuals (how-to guides), government documents (such as the driver’s license test booklet).

3 There are certain elements found in expository text, each type of element makes its own demands on the reader: description, sequence, comparison, cause & effect, problem & solution, proposition & support.

4 Description The author lists characteristics, features, and examples to describe a subject. Have wings use soundwaves they are mammals They fly eat insects Bats sleep in daytime hang upside down different kinds

5 Description Signal Words Signal to Reader
Such as, for example, for instance, most important, in front, beside, near A list of characteristics will follow

6 Sequence The author lists items or events in numerical or chronological order. Helps the reader understand how events are related Almost 300 males competed in the 1896 Olympics Modern Olympics began in 1896 Olympics ended in 394 A.D. Olympics began in 276 B.C.

7 Sequence Signal Words Signal to Reader
First, second, third, before, on (date), not long after, after that, at the same time, finally, then A sequence of events or steps in a process is being described

8 Comparison The author explains how two or more things are alike or different. no snow warmer temperatures flowers baby animals Easter & 4th of July seasons – sun shines sports are played Summer and Winter snow colder temperatures no flowers blooming bears hibernate Christmas & New Years

9 Comparison Signal Words Signal to Reader
Like, unlike, but, in contrast, on the other hand, however, also, too, as well as Likenesses and differences are being presented and/or discussed

10 Cause & Effect The author explains one or more causes and the resulting effect or effects.

11 Cause and Effect Signal Words Signal to Reader
Therefore, so, this led to, as a result, because, if…then…, consequently, cause, effect, in order to, since Evidence of causes and effects will be given

12 Problem & Solution The author states a problem and lists one or more solutions for the problem.

13 Problem and Solution Signal Words Signal to Reader
Solution, solve, effect, hopeful, concern, challenge, resolve Problems AND solutions will be discussed. With problem and solution there is ALWAYS a solution

14 Proposition & Support The author makes a claim/statement and supports it with details

15 Proposition & Support Signal Words Signal to Reader
Clearly, logically, surely, in conclusion, therefore A claim will be made and details will be given to support the claim. Author is trying to persuade

16 Marking the Text In order to identify which type of expository text you are reading and to determine the author’s purpose, it is important to mark the text. When marking the text for nonfiction there are three steps to follow.

17 #1,2,3 Step 1 Number the paragraphs
Do this first as it will give you a reference point when you are reading #1,2,3

18 Step 2 Circle key terms, cited authors, and other essential words or numbers To identify key terms consider if the word is repeated, defined by the author, used to explain an idea, a central concept, or relevant to the reading purpose

19 Step 3 Underline the author’s claims and other information that is relevant to the reading purpose Claim: An arguable statement that should be supported with data, facts, and other backing Claims can be anywhere in the text There may be more than one claim

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