2 There + is AFFIRMATIVE: There + is + a/an + singular countable noun+ comp.Example:There is a cat in the room.There is an apple in the bowl.NEGATIVE:There + is + not + a/an + SCN+ comp.isn’tThere isn’t a cat in the room.There isn’t an apple in the bowl.
3 There are students in the class. There are a few books on the table. AFFIRMATIVE :Ø /a fewMany / Somelots ofNo (2 ,3,4…)There + are PN+ comp.There are students in the class.There are a few books on the table.There are many brushes in the bathroom.There are a lot of buses.There are some toys in the box.There are six dictionaries on the shelf.
4 NEGATIVE : There + are + not + any + PN+ comp. aren’t There aren’t any students in the class.There aren’t any books on the table.There aren’t any brushes in the bathroom.
5 Yes, / No, Question: ( There is … ) Is + there + a / an + SCN + comp Is there a cat in the room?Is there an apple in the bowl?Yes , there is .No, there isn’t.( is not )Yes, / No, Question : ( There are … )Are + there + any + PN + compAre there any students in the class?Are there any books on the table?Yes , there are.No, there aren’t .(are not)
6 We use a little with uncountable nouns : 1 – Can you give me a little of milk.2 – She eats a little.We use a lot & lots of with both countable and uncountable nouns :1 – There’s a lot of rice.2 – I’ve got lots of invitations this weekend.A lot & lots of can be used in question and negatives:1 – Are there lots of children in the playground?2 – There isn’t a lot of coffee.
7 SOMEWe use "some" in positive sentences.Example:I have some friends in London.We use "some" in questions when offering or requesting something.Example:Would you like some bread? (offer)Could I have some water? (request)ANYWe use "any" in negative sentences or questions.Examples:He doesn't have any friends in Chicago.Do you have any cheese?
8 Some + wordsWe use "some" words - somebody, someone, somewhere and something – in positive sentences.Example:He lives somewhere near here.Any + wordsWe use "any" words - anybody, anyone, anywhere and anything –in negative sentences or questions.Example:She doesn't have anywhere to go.Do you know anything about that girl?
9 A An Indefinite Articles (c) A grasshopper is an insect. same meaning a and an are articles
10 NOUN + IS + Articles + NOUN: SINGULAR a chaira womana schoola liona beda manA in front ofconsonantsan elevatoran avocadoan eggan umbrellaan ovenan ice creamAn in front of vowels
11 We use “a” or “an” in three ways : 1 – With professions :a) I’m a doctor.b) She’s an engineer.2 – With some expressions of quantity:a) He has a few books to read.b) There is a little of milk in the fridge.3 – In exclamations with What + a count noun :a) What a lovely day!b) What a beautiful party!
12 Definite Article “ the “ 1 – We use the with singular and plural, and when we know that the listener knows or can work out what particular person/thing you are talking about.a) The apple you ate was rotten b) Did you lock the car?c) She's got two children; a girl and a boy. The girl's eight and the boy's fourteen.”
13 2 - We also use the before certain nouns, such as seas, rivers, hotels, musems etc… a) I visited the musem in the weekend. 3 – When we know there is only one of something, such as the rain, the sun, the wind, the world, the earth, the White House etc... a) The sun rises at 7 am. 4 – With superlative and adjectives : a ) Reem is the tallest one in the class.
14 No Article There is no article :- 1 – before plural and uncountable nouns when talking about things in general.a) He loves bananas.b) Drinking water is good for you .2 – before countries, towns, streets, languages, magazines, meals, airport,stations, mountains.a) I had dinner with my family.b) There is a big shopping center in king Abdullah street.
15 3 – before some places and forms of transport. at home - in/to bed - at/to work -at/to school / universityby bus - by plane - by car - by train - on footI go to school by bus.4 – In exclamations with What + an uncountable noun.a) What beautiful weather!