6 Early Industry and inventions Life as a FarmerLife as a Factory WorkerWork hours determined by the rising and setting of the sun.Income was spotty and seasonal.Work determined by a clock.Income steady, usually paid by the hour.
7 Early industry and inventions Why was the New England region a good place for factories?Many fast-moving rivers to power factoriesShips and access to the ocean to transport goodsWilling labor force – families tired of trying to make a living by farmingFirst factory built by Samuel Slater in Pawtucket, Rhode IslandFirst employees were children aged 7-12Later employed whole families
8 Early industry and inventions Francis Cabot Lowell built factories to manufacture cloth in America inHis factory spun cotton into thread and wove thread into cloth.So successful, Lowell and his partners built the factory town of Lowell in Massachusetts.The Lowell mills employed girls who moved from their family farms to the cities.
9 Early industry and inventions The Lowell mills and other factories changed with the invention of the steam engine, which used coal and wood to produce energy.
15 Plow ideal for rich, heavy Midwestern soil. Blacksmith John Deere invented lightweight plow with steel cutting edge.Plow ideal for rich, heavy Midwestern soil.More farmers moved to the Midwest.
16 Other inventions that improved agriculture are: Mechanical reaperThreshing machineCut ripe grainSeparated kernels of wheat from husks
17 In summary….. New technologies : Linked regions Made regional differences more obviousNew farming inventions:Created Midwestern farmers that grew food to feed Northeastern factory workers.Midwestern farmers became a market for Northeastern manufactured goods.