Presentation on theme: "Early Industry and Inventions"— Presentation transcript:
1 Early Industry and Inventions Manufacturing, Transportation, Communication, and Farming
2 Jump Start Get a reading off of the front table Read the section “Free Enterprise and Factories”Mark/circle/highlight all people, places, and thingsMake the three columns with the works found
3 5 W’s & H Who was involved? What did they do/invent? Where did they have the most influence?When did this take place?Why did they do/invent what they did?How did it effect the country?
4 Industrial Revolution Up until the Industrial Revolution, most manufacturing was done in the homeFarm families produced what they neededThis was known as the cottage industryIn the 1700’s, Britain jumped ahead of the U.S. in industrial production1705- steam engineBritain carefully guarded their secret…why do you think they would do this?
5 Begins in the U.S.1789- Samuel Slater came to the U.S. from Britain with plans for a water powered textile mill in his headWhat region would be good for water powered mills? Why?Progress was slow until the Embargo Act of 1807How did this help?
6 Factory SystemThe factory system had many workers under one roof working at machines.Many people left farms and moved to the city to work in factories.They wanted the money that factories paid.This change was not always for the better.In what ways would industrialization be negative?
7 Factories Come to New England New England was a good place to set up factoriesHad many fast-moving riversShips for quick transport of goodsWilling labor force
8 The Lowell Mills Hire Women In 1813, Francis Cabot Lowell built a factory in MassachusettsThe factory spun cotton into yarn and wove the cotton into cloth.“Lowell girls” lived in boardinghouses supervised by older womenStrict rulesForced church attendanceWorked over 12 hours a day in extremely loud factories
9 Think-Pair-ShareHow did the Industrial Revolution develop in the United States and what type of change did it generate?Pg
10 Inventions: Changes in production, Transportation, and Communication Interchangeable Parts, Steamboat, Telegraph, Cotton Gin
11 Interchangeable Parts The first interchangeable parts were created by Eli WhitneyMilitary hired him to make 10,000 muskets…would take 2 years!Interchangeable parts- Identical parts that can be substituted in the manufacture or repair of a productWhitney created muskets with exactly the same parts, so any part would fit any gunFactories began producing matching parts to many productsSped up production, made repairs easier, and allowed the use of lower-paid, less skilled workers.
12 The Cotton Gin Eli Whitney also invented the cotton gin The gin took the seeds out of the cotton, which was much faster than doing it by handFrom 1 to 50 lbs per dayResulted in cotton as a viable cash cropIncreased the need for more land and slaves
13 Think-Pair-ShareHow did industrialization in the North and the invention of the cotton gin in the South lead to increased sectionalism?Pg
14 SteamboatSome inventions increased production BUT others improved transportation and communication1807- Robert Fulton designed a steamboat that could move against the current and the windClermontThe steamboat created more opportunities for trade and transportation on rivers.
15 The Telegraph 1837- telegraph was invented by Samuel Morse Sent long and short pulses of electricity along a wireTook only seconds to communicate with another cityThe invention of the steamboat and telegraph brought the people of the nation closer to each other
16 Think-Pair-ShareHow did developments in communication and transportation impact growth, development, and urbanization of the U.S.?Pg