4. From Romulus to Republic A. The story of Romulus – B. The uniting of the 5 hills – C. Why a Republic? -
5. The Republic – 509BC A. What was the most powerful governing body? A. What was the most powerful governing body? B. What social/economic group were the members chosen from? B. What social/economic group were the members chosen from? C. How did the plebeians get representation? C. How did the plebeians get representation?
7. Structure of Government A. Senate – the law making body 1. senators - representing patricians 2. tribunes - representing common people in the Senate, had veto power 3. 2 consuls making executive decisions – actually running day to day affairs 4. in times of war or emergency, the Senate created a dictatorship
9. Committed to the Rule of Law and Justice A. The Twelve Tables B. Civil Law/Law of Nations C. Civil Law principles: Equality before the law Innocent until proven guilty The right to face the accuser Guilt established clearer than daylight Fairness – judges can interpret the law
10. Transition From Republic to Empire 133BC – 27BC A. Economic problems causing unrest B. The murders of Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus C. Julius Caesar – 44BC D. Octavian – Augustus – 1st citizen (emperor)
15. Roman Accomplishments In what areas did Romans make great accomplishments? In what areas did Romans make great accomplishments? 1. Architecture 1. Architecture 2. Engineering 2. Engineering 3. Law 3. Law 4. Military power 4. Military power
18. The Fall (Long Decline) of Rome Western – Rome 476 Western – Rome 476 1. economic problems 1. economic problems 2. attacks from “barbarians” 2. attacks from “barbarians” 3. decline in 3. decline in a. patriotism/duty a. patriotism/duty b. discipline b. discipline 4. weakened army/mercenaries 4. weakened army/mercenaries 5. power hungry leaders 5. power hungry leaders Eastern – Constantinople 312 Eastern – Constantinople 312 1. Remained in power until 1453 1. Remained in power until 1453