Presentation on theme: "MAPS ► What is a map? ► Maps are a visual representation of the Earth’s surface, drawn to scale and made for a specific purpose."— Presentation transcript:
MAPS ► What is a map? ► Maps are a visual representation of the Earth’s surface, drawn to scale and made for a specific purpose.
TYPES OF MAPS ► Physical Maps show the physical (natural) features of an area Ex. Elevation Mountains Rivers Deserts Etc.
► Political Maps Show the political (man-made) features of an area Ex. Countries Cities Capitals Etc. TYPES OF MAPS
SPECIAL PURPOSE (THEMATIC) MAPS ► Maps designed for a special purpose ► Ex. Highway Climate Population Etc.
CARTOGRAM ► A Cartogram is a special purpose map that shows the size of a country based on data rather than actual land size. World Energy Consumption
► Components of a map: T = Title O = Orientation (Compass) D = Date A = Author L = Legend S = Scale I = Index G = Grid TODALSIG
►W►W►W►Which component tells us the subject of the map? tttthe Title ► Which component tells us the pieces of information we can learn from the map? the Legend / Key ► Which component indicates direction? the Compass (Orientation) ► What do we call the lines running north/south and east/west? the Grid BASIC COMPONENTS OF MAPS
► ► What does scale tell us? How the map size compares to the size of the actual areaSCALE
LATITUDE AND LONGITUDE ► ► What are the imaginary parallel lines that circle the earth called? Lines of Latitude ► ► 0° Latitude is known as what? the Equator ► ► Other Important Lines of Latitude: 23.5° N: Tropic of Cancer 23.5° S: Tropic of Capricorn 66° N: Arctic Cirlce 66° S: Antarctic Circle
LATITUDE AND LONGITUDE ► ► What are the imaginary lines that run from the North Pole to the South Pole called? Lines of Longitude ► ► What is the central line of longitude called? the Prime Meridian
► ► What is the name of the line on the globe to the left? What does it do? The Equator; It divides the globe into Northern and Southern Hemispheres ► ► What is the name of the line on the globe to the right? What does it do? The Prime Meridian; It divides the globe into Eastern and Western HemispheresHEMISPHERES
► a particular tendency or inclination, especially one that prevents unprejudiced consideration of a question; prejudice.BIASDISTORTION ► A change in the shape of an image
► Your assignment is to create a map of your choosing. Examples: A room @ your home, your home, a classroom of yours, etc. ► Your map should include the following features: An appropriate Title A compass rose (Orientation) The Date the map was created Your Name (Author) A Legend or Key GEOGRAPHY ALIVE! MAPS LAB ACTIVITY
► ► How many continents are shown on the map? Seven ► ► What are their names? North America South America Europe Africa CONTINENTS AND OCEANS Asia Australia Antarctica ► How many oceans are shown on the map? Four ► What are their names? Pacific Ocean Atlantic Ocean Indian Ocean Arctic Ocean