6 Earth consists of 7 Continents 7 Continents in size order : 1. Asia 2. Africa 3. North America 4. South America5. Antarctica 6. Europe 7. Australia
7 Earth consists of 5 Oceans 5 Oceans in size order : 1. Pacific2. Atlantic 3. Indian 4. Southern 5. Arctic
8 2 ways to show the Earth in a smaller Scale Globes – Most accurate because the Earth is a Sphere and so is a Globe.
9 2nd way to show the Earth in a smaller scale is……… Maps – are flat and to put the round earth on a flat surface distortion occurs. This means some parts of a Map needs to be shrunk and stretched to fit.
10 One who Creates and Makes maps CartographerOne who Creates and Makes maps
11 Display Countries or States with different COLORS Political MapsDisplay Countries or States with different COLORS
12 Physical/Topographic Maps Display elevation with different COLORS
13 4 Essential parts of a Map 1. Title – Name, Date, and description of the Map
14 4 Essential parts of the Map 2. Key or Legend – Shows and explains what symbols mean on a Map.
15 4 Essential parts of a Map 3. Scale – Compares the distance on the Map to the actual distance of the Earth.
16 4 Essential parts of a Map 4. Compass Rose Displays DirectionCardinal Direction North, South, East, WestIntermediate Direction Northwest, Northeast, Southwest, Southeast
18 Equator – an imaginary line that separates the Earth into Northern and Southern Hemispheres.
19 Prime Meridian – is an imaginary line that separates the Earth into Western and Eastern Hemispheres.
20 The other Half of the Prime meridian is the 180th Meridian International Date Line rest mainly on the 180th Meridian
21 Other important points on the Earths North and South Poles
22 A systematic way of locating a place. The Grid SystemA systematic way of locating a place.
23 Grid System is made up of Latitude and Longitude Lines.
24 Lines of Latitude are imaginary lines that circle the Earth, measure North and South but run East and West.Latitude Lines are also called Parallels because they never cross or intersect.
25 Longitude lines are also called Meridians Longitude Lines are imaginary lines that circle earth. They start from North Pole and meet again at the South Pole. Lines measure East and West but run North and SouthLongitude lines are also called Meridians
26 Together they set up a graph so one can Chart and Locate Places.