Presentation on theme: "BMS 231: 2015/2016 Anatomy of the Urinary System DR SOBIA IKRAM DR AQEELA BANO DR SADIA FARHAN."— Presentation transcript:
BMS 231: 2015/2016 Anatomy of the Urinary System DR SOBIA IKRAM DR AQEELA BANO DR SADIA FARHAN
Table of Contents 1. Objectives for this lesson 2. Functions and Organisation of the Urinary system 3. Location and External anatomy of the kidney. 4. Internal Gross anatomy and parts of the kidney 5. Parts of the nephron and general functioning of the nephron.. 6. Definition,function and location of the Urinary Bladder, ureters and urethra.
Objectives When you finish this lesson, you should be able to Describe the Functions and Organisation of the Urinary system. Understand the Location and External Anatomy of the kidney. Identify the Internal gross Anatomy and parts of the kidney. Understand the parts of the nephron and their general functioning. Define and explain the location and functions of the urinary bladder, ureters and urethra.
Functions of the urinary system 1.Remove nitrogenous wastes (urine) 2.Maintain electrolyte, acid-base, and fluid balance of blood 3.Homeostatic organ 4.Acts as blood filter 5.Release hormones: calcitriol & erythropoietin
Organs of the Urinary System 5 Kidneys Ureters Urinary bladder Urethra
kidneys The Kidneys are the blood filtering organs of the urinary system. The kidneys are fist-sized, bean shaped structures that remove nitrogenous wastes (urine). The kidneys regulate the amount of water, salts and other substances in the blood.
Location and External Anatomy Located Retroperitonealy. Lateral to T 12 – L 3 Vertebra L3
HILUM Is a depression present On the medial surface of each kidney. Vessels and nerves enter and exit from the hilum. RENAL CAPSULE is the membrane that surrounds the kidney. AN AVERAGE KIDNEY is about 12 cm tall, 6 cm wide, 3 cm thick Location and External Anatomy
The ureters are tubes made of smooth muscles that carry urine from the kidneys to the urinary bladder. Ureter
Superiorly Continuous with the renal pelvis Inferiorly Pass through the abdominal cavity, behind the peritoneum, into the pelvic cavity where they enter the posterior wall of the bladder 25-30 cm in length 17 Ureter
IN FEMALES –Length of 3–4 cm IN MALES – 20 cm in length – three regions anatomically –Prostatic urethra Passes through the prostate gland –Membranous urethra Through the urogenital diaphragm –Spongy (penile) urethra Passes through the length of the penis Urethra