Presentation on theme: "Origins of the Cold War (1945-1990). Occupation of Europe Germany was split into four parts 1 part (East): Controlled by Soviets; Money went to Soviet."— Presentation transcript:
Occupation of Europe Germany was split into four parts 1 part (East): Controlled by Soviets; Money went to Soviet government 3 Other parts (West): Controlled by the Allies, Money was evenly distributed to help re-build country
United Nations (1945) An international peacekeeping organization created after World War II. Designed after the League of Nations
Cold War Ideology United States 1.Capitalism- free market economic system, private ownership of goods and money 2.NATO- (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) an military alliance between the U.S., Canada, France, Belgium, and Britain and the nations of western Europe
Cold War Ideology Soviet Union (U.S.S.R) 1.Communism- totalitarian gov’t with complete government ownership of land, business and property 2.Warsaw Pact- a military alliance between the Soviet Union and the satellite nations of E. Europe
Churchill's Iron Curtain What does Churchill say we MUST avoid?
Truman Doctrine- called for the U.S. to become a world leader, also stated that the U.S. would support those threatened by communism Containment- American policy of resisting further expansion of Communism around the world
Massive Retaliation- a concept created by President Eisenhower, meaning the US would severely destroy any nation who attacked them Domino Theory – If one country fell to communism, then all countries around it will be communist
Chinese Civil War (1947- 1949) The Communist leader is Mao Zedong The Nationalist leader is Jiang Jiashi. (Chang Kai Shek) The Nationalists lose and relocate to Taiwan. China is now communist causing fear in the US.
The Korean War (1951 – 1953) The Soviet Union and the USA divide Korea by the 38 th parallel following WWII.
The Berlin Wall (1961) Built by the East German government to separate East Berlin from West Berlin. The goal was to stop flow of East Germans escaping into West Germany. Kennedy feared that the Soviet Union was attempting to take over Europe starting with Germany.
Cuba and Fidel Castro (1958) Fidel Castro overthrew Cuba’s US backed dictator Fulgenico Batista because he felt that wealthy Cubans and the US were exploiting the poor. Formed a Communist government backed by U.S.S.R.