3 Second Great Awakening Foundations of ReformSecond Great AwakeningRevival of religious feeling and belief in the 1820s and 1830s.Emphasized the role that individuals played in their own societies.Baptists, Methodists, and Presbyterians realized an increased sense of confidence.
4 Foundations of ReformA group of Americans writers and artists like Henry David Thoreau, inspired another set of reforms.They created pieces focused on American themes, giving readers a message of hope and optimism.Some advocated that people challenge laws they considered unjust. This led to…
5 Civil DisobedienceThe process of defying codes of conduct within a community.Ignoring the policies and government of a state or nation when the civil laws are considered unjust.
14 Elizabeth Cady Stanton Women's RightsLucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton- attended the World Antislavery Convention in London in 1840, but couldn’t speak because they were women.Elizabeth Cady StantonLucretia Mott
15 Women's Rights Women had few political or legal rights: They could not vote (suffrage)They could not hold officeAny wages earned belonged to their husbandsThere was no law against women being abused by their husbands.
16 Women's RightsMott and Stanton decided to host a national women’s rights convention in New York.They modeled their proposal for women’s rights, the Declaration of Sentiments, on the Declaration of Independence.The Seneca Falls Convention demanded equality for women at work, school, church and the voting booth.Other notable people included Susan B. Anthony.
18 and Care of the Disabled Prison Reformand Care of the Disabled
19 and Care of the Disabled Prison Reformand Care of the DisabledDorothea Dix- schoolteacher from Massachusetts. Overwhelmed by the conditions she saw in a prison she visited:Inmates bound in chains and locked in cagesChildren jailed with adultsShort supply of foodInmates crowded into dark, damp cells.
20 and Care of the Disabled Prison Reformand Care of the DisabledShe was also alarmed by the treatment of the mentally ill.She issued a report to the state legislature highlighting these conditions.Lawmakers voted to create new mental hospitals for the mentally ill.They also enacted the outlawing of cruel punishments, the creation of special justice system for children, among others.
22 Public EducationHorace Mann- known as the “father of American public schools”.He spoke about the importance of public schools in producing an educated citizen.Under his guidance, citizens in Massachusetts voted to pay taxes to build better schools, to pay higher salaries for teachers, and to open schools to train teachers.
24 Temperance MovementLate 1820s- the temperance movement (a public campaign against the sale or drinking of alcohol)1850- the state of Maine banned the sale of alcohol. This law was later repealed.Modern day reform programs such as AA, MADD and SADD continue the work begun by these earlier reformers.
26 2. Two well-known abolitionists were: Review Quiz2. Two well-known abolitionists were:Lucretia Mott and Sojourner TruthWilliam Lloyd Garrison and Henry David ThoreauFrederick Douglass and Harriet TubmanHarriet Tubman and Susan B. Anthony
27 3. Women had few rights. Among these were: Review Quiz3. Women had few rights. Among these were:No right to voteNo right to travelNo right to go to schoolNo right to walk by themselves
28 4. The Declaration of Sentiments was modeled after: Review Quiz4. The Declaration of Sentiments was modeled after:The ConstitutionThe Articles of ConfederationThe Bill of RightsThe Declaration of Independence
29 5. Describe the temperance movement. Review Quiz5. Describe the temperance movement.