Presentation on theme: "Ch The Spirit of Reform (18.2):"— Presentation transcript:
1 Ch. 18 1. The Spirit of Reform (18.2): 1a. Second Great Awakening (vocab. definition good).- a revival of religious feeling and belief from the 1800s to the 1840s.- Choice and good works.1b.Transcendentalist (Vocab. definition good).- a philosophy emphasizing that people should transcend, or go beyond, logical thinking to reach true understanding, with the help of emotions and intuition.
2 Ch. 18 2. Prison Reform (18.3): 2a. What did Dorothea Dix do? - Worked with those imprisoned and improved conditions for prisoners.- Mentally ill and debtors no longer considered criminals.- Children no longer jailed with adults.- Punishments need to fit the crimes.
3 Ch. 18 3. Education Reform (18.4 Exam): 3a What did Horace Mann do?- Teacher training schools and better wages.- Boys could attend public H.S.- Girls were accepted to most universities by 1860.- Need for public schools. Poor stealing and more opportunities for women and A.A.3b. How were boys and girls educations different?- Boys benefitted most from education improvements.- Better public schools and H.S. All boys could attend.- Only certain schools a for women (finishing schools), some academics.- Women not accepted in most professional schools.- Some opportunity for women to go to universities.
4 Ch. 18 4. The Movement to End Slavery (18.5, Exam): 4a. Fredrick Douglas.- Former slave. Gained his freedom. Self taught w/ help of slave owners wife.- Owned a newspaper, North Star.- Abolitionist speaker.4b. William Lloyd Garrison.- White abolitionist leader.- Strong religious feelings against slavery.- Owned a newspaper, The Liberator.- Friend of Fredrick Douglas, later parted ways.
5 Ch. 18 4. The Movement to End Slavery (18.5, Exam): 4c. Abolitionist.- People who wanted to see and end to slavery.- Many worked on the Underground Railroad to help slave gain their freedom.- Antislavery newspapers and speakers.
6 Ch. 18 5. Equal Rights for Women (18.6, Exam): 5a. List some things women could not do in 1800.- Could not vote, go to certain schools, control over property and wages, sign contracts, speak in public, hold public office,5b. Elizabeth Blackwell.- Had a hard time getting into medical school bc/ she was a women.- Women like her had to work twice as hard and be twice as good.- Still discriminated against when she was #1 in her class.- Women had to work together to help each other.
7 Ch. 18 5. Equal Rights for Women (18.6, Exam): 5c. Seneca Falls Convention (who, what, where, why).- Women and men that met to fight for more equality for women. Created an organized campaign for women’s rights- At the convention they agreed to fight for women’s right to vote and other rights.- Met in Seneca Falls, NY.- Women were tired of not being able to do some of the same things that men could. They felt as though they were denied many rights like slaves.5d. Declaration of Sentiments.- A statement that was agreed and voted on at the Seneca Falls Convention.- It was most like the Declaration of Independence and included the phrase “All men and women are created equal.”- Declared to the world that they were fighting for equal rights and especially the right to vote.
8 Ch. 18 6. Matching Items on the Quiz Terms: Reform, Abolitionist, 2nd Great Awakening, Seneca Falls Convention, Declaration of Sentiments.Study vocab., be able to recognize and match the vocab.Do not need to redo vocab. items for the review sheet if the vocab. assignment is completed.