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Vocabulary Ch.8 Sec 1 Horace Mann Social Reform Temperance movement Prohibition Dorothea Dix.

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Presentation on theme: "Vocabulary Ch.8 Sec 1 Horace Mann Social Reform Temperance movement Prohibition Dorothea Dix."— Presentation transcript:

1 Vocabulary Ch.8 Sec 1 Horace Mann Social Reform Temperance movement Prohibition Dorothea Dix

2 Reform Movement Horace Mann believed that public education is essential for democracy to work. Free will is the idea that people are able to make their lives and society better. During the 1800’s people believed they could improve themselves and society. This led to a wave of reform movements.

3 Ch.8 The Fight Against Slavery Abolitionist Reformers who wanted to end slavery. William Lloyd Garrison Forceful voice to end slavery without violence Frederick Douglass Born into slavery, escaped and started an antislavery newspaper called the North Star. Harriet Tubman Escaped slavery then helped over 300 slaves escape in the Underground Railroad.

4 The Fight Against Slavery Alexander Hamilton and Ben Franklin opposed slavery. They believed slavery violated the most basic principle of the Declaration of Independence, “that all men are created equal.” In 1780, Pennsylvania became the first state to pass a law that gradually eliminated slavery.

5 Warm Up What is a reform movement? What was the name of the Abolitionist newspaper Frederick Douglass published?

6 Antislavery Movement William Lloyd Garrison 1. Favored full political rights for all African Americans 2. Cofounded the American Anti-Slavery Society. Frederick Douglass 1. He would speak at Anti slavery rallies 2. Published an antislavery newspaper called the North Star.


8 Opposing Abolition Northerners profited on the existence of slavery Northern workers feared that freed slaves would take their jobs.


10 The Underground Railroad Abolitionists that dedicated themselves to helping people escape slavery. A network of people black and white, northerners and southerners who secretly helped slaves reach freedom Stations were homes of abolitionists, caves or churches. Harriet Tubman escorted more than 300 people to freedom via the Underground Railroad.


12 Quilt Codes Secret messages in the form of quilt patterns were made to aid slaves in escaping through the Underground Railroad. Most slaves could not read or write, therefore codes were used as a form of communication. Quilt patterns were used in certain patterns to create a message. This assignment is worth 100 points 25 points per square







19 Vocabulary Ch.8 Sec 3 Women’s Suffrage Women’s rights movement

20 A man and his son were in a terrible accident, the man died. The son was rushed into emergency surgery. The doctor walked into the room looked down at the boy and said "I can't operate on this boy, he's my son". Who was the doctor?

21 A call for Women’s Rights In 1820 women could not serve on juries, attend college, become lawyers or medical doctors. Most Americans believed that a woman’s place was in the home. Women began to demand rights as equal citizens

22 Chapter 8 Sec 4 American Literature and Arts Transcendentalism: A cultural movement that explored the relationship between people and nature. Henry David Thoreau He urged people to live a simple life Wrote the book Walden, about his time alone living in the woods.


24 Art and Music in the Mid 1800’s A group of artists focused on the landscape of America. Artists painted pictures of American landscapes.


26 Warm Up Name two things women could not do in the 1820’s? Become lawyers or medical doctors What is transcendentalism? A movement that explored the relationship between people and nature. What were American artists painting in the mid 1800’s? The landscape of America Who wrote the book Walden? Henry David Thoreau

27 Warm Up 2/27/2014 What is prohibition? Name a key figure in the Anti-Slavery Movement(not Harriet Tubman). What contributions did this person make?

28 Group Work You can work in groups of two. Write a one paragraph biography on each of the women below. Include in each biography what contributions each woman made to the women’s rights movement. Provide a picture that summarizes each women’s achievement. Sojourner Truth 301 Lucretia Mott 301 Elizabeth Cady Stanton 302 Susan B Anthony 303 Also Include a definition of women’s suffrage. 302

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