Presentation on theme: "Latitude and Longitude Lab # 1"— Presentation transcript:
1 Latitude and Longitude Lab # 1 Experiment # 22 in textPage 291
2 After the lab is complete you will be able to: Explain the grid system used for locating places and features on Earth.Use Earth’s grid system to accurately locating places and features on Earth.Explain the relationship between latitude and the angle of the North Star (Polaris) above the horizon
3 Earth’s Grid SystemA system of North-South and East-West lines on a map that form the basis of locating points on Earth.Latitude – North-South distance on EarthThey are a measured distance North or South from the equator.They are horizontal lines that circle a globe.Longitude – East-West distance on EarthThese lines mark a distance East or West from the prime meridian.They are the vertical lines that circle the globe.
5 Latitude LinesThey run East to West and they measure the distance North or South of the EquatorEquator is the only great circle that is also a latitude lineGreat circles - cut the globe in halfThe tropic of Cancer and Capricorn are small circlesSmall circles - do not cut the globe in half
6 How to Determine Latitude Latitude line may be drawn at any interval from the equatorOn page 292 draw a line through B (this is the equator)From the equator draw a line to point CThe line connecting these two points will have a 45O angle. This point is therefore 45O N latitude
7 Thus point C is 45O N latitude Figure 22.3 pg 29245O AngleCEquatorBThus point C is 45O N latitude
8 Longitude LinesRun North to South; they measure a distance east or west of the Prime Meridian.Where to put the prime meridian?Greenwich, England here because at the time England was the head of the scientific community.Before there were many meridians that longitude was based off of.The Prime Meridian was used to standardize all of the other Meridians.All longitude lines are great circles.
9 Prime MeridianNorth PoleLondon, EnglandSouth Pole
10 Using Earth’s Grid System Using both parallels of latitude and meridians of longitude it is possible to accurately locate any point on the surface of the Earth.Where 90O (N or S) is the maximum distance from the Equator and 180O is the maximum distance from the Prime Meridian.To be more precise we can break down degrees into minutes and seconds.Fractions of a degree (not covered in this class)
11 Labeling Latitude and Longitude For Latitude Lines:North (N) or South (S) must be labeled for all latitudes except the Equator (0O)East (E) or West (W) must be labeled for all longitudes except the Prime Meridian (0O) and the International Date Line (180O)
12 Lab ReportDue Next Class:Questions on page 321 #1-7, 11 & 12