The world is a sphere. A sphere is round. Half a sphere is called a HEMISPHERE.
The world can be divided into 4 hemispheres. Northern Hemisphere Southern Hemisphere Eastern Hemisphere Western Hemisphere
Eastern and Western Hemisphere The Eastern and Western Hemisphere are separated by the prime meridian. The Eastern Hemisphere is east of the prime meridian. The Western Hemisphere is west of the prime meridian.
Northern and Southern Hemisphere The Northern and Southern Hemisphere are separated by the equator. The Northern Hemisphere is north of the equator. The Southern Hemisphere is south of the equator.
Did you know??? Maps have imaginary lines. These lines help us locate where places are. These lines are called latitude and longitude.