2 Vocabulary to know: Continent- a major land area on Earth Ocean- a vast body of saltwater that covers nearly ¾ of the Earth’s surfaceHemisphere- ½ of the globe which can be divided north and south at the Equator, or east and west at the Prime MeridianEquator- Imaginary line of latitude which divides the world in half north and south
3 VOCABULARY TO KNOW:Prime Meridian- Imaginary line of longitude that divides the world in half east and west.International Dateline- An imaginary line of longitude at 180°which states the regions to the east are one day earlier in calendar date than the west.North- a cardinal point on the compass; lying on a meridian and to the left of a person facing the rising sun.South- a cardinal point on the compass lying directly opposite north.
4 East- a cardinal point in the compass 90°to the right of north Vocabulary to know:East- a cardinal point in the compass 90°to the right of northWest- a cardinal point on the compass 90°to the left when facing north- corresponding to where the sun is seen to set.
5 Continents and Oceans Answer Key Continents in the EASTERN HEMISPHERE include:Europe, Africa, Asia , Australia and AntarcticaContinent almost entirely in the NORTHERN HEMISPHERE:North America, Africa, Europe, and AsiaThe EQUATOR cross through these continents:South America, Africa, and AsiaDirection you would travel to go from North America to South America:South, Southwest
6 Continents and Oceans Answer Key Five continents touched by the ATLANTIC OCEAN:North America, South, America, Europe, Africa, AntarcticaFive continents touched by the PACIFIC OCEAN:North America, South America, Asia, Australia, AntarcticaContinents touched by BOTH the ATLANTIC and PACIFIC OCEANS:North America, South America, and AntarcticaContinents touched by the ARCTIC OCEAN:North America, Europe, and Asia
7 Continents and Oceans Answer Key In what direction is AFRICA from EUROPE?SouthIn what direction is AUSTRALIA from ASIA?What continent does Greenland belong?North AmericaWhat is the largest continent?AsiaWhat is the smallest continent?Australia
8 Continents and Oceans Answer Key In which hemisphere is there more land, NORTHERN or SOUTHERN?The Northern Hemisphere has more land.Which is the largest ocean?Pacific OceanName of the imaginary line that divides the NORTHERN AND SOUTHERN HEMISPHERES?EquatorName of the imaginary line that divides the EASTERN AND WESTERN HEMISPHERES?Prime Meridian