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World War II Build Up to War.

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Presentation on theme: "World War II Build Up to War."— Presentation transcript:

1 World War II Build Up to War


3 Buildup to World War II Germany Italy Japan

4 Japan Japan lacked natural resources for industry
1929 – The Great Depression devastated Japan. Economic disaster fed the discontent of military officials. Ultranationalists condemned politicians for stopping overseas expansion. Nationalists demanded renewed expansion to gain raw materials.

5 Japan’s Expanding Empire to 1934
5 Hideki Tojo: Japanese Prime Minister Believed in the racial superiority of the Japanese people. ultra-nationalistic & militaristic. Wanted to expand the Japanese empire throughout the Pacific Rim. Believed Japan was invincible.

6 By 1937 Civilian government was forced to accept military domination.
5 By 1937 Civilian government was forced to accept military domination. To please the ultranationalists, it: cracked down on socialists ended most democratic freedoms revived ancient warrior values built a cult around the emperor spread nationalist message in schools renewed efforts at expansion 1931, Japan invaded Manchuria, adding it to the growing Japanese empire. 1937, Japanese troops invaded eastern China After the city of Nanking surrendered, the Japanese killed hundreds of thousands of soldiers and civilians in what came to be known as the “Rape of Nanking.” Cult: an extreme or excessive admiration for a person

7 4 The Rape of Nanking Referring to dictators, Mr. Churchill said : “You see these Dictators on their pedestals, surrounded by the bayonets of their soldiers and the truncheons of their police on all sides. They are guarded by masses of armed men, cannons, airplanes and fortifications- they boast and vaunt themselves before the world. Yet in their hearts there is an unspoken fear. They are afraid of words and thoughts-the words spoken abroad and the thoughts stirring at home.” The Dictator, in Churchill’s opinion, was all strong without and all weak within. Dictatorship, he concluded, was a passing phase that could not long endure if it was brought into contact with the healthy world outside. “The China Weekly Review” Life’s End for Japanese and Chinese Alike October 22, 1938

8 Italy 1922 - Fascists imposed totalitarian rule
promoted economic modernization, Fascists advocated complete state authority Italy fared better than most western nations during the Depression aggressive foreign policy, establishing colonies in East Africa

9 Benito Mussolini (Italy)
Preached a government called Fascism – includes intense patriotism & nationalism Very much linked to racism and cultural superiority Wanted to restore the glory of Rome

10 Benito Mussolini Entered Parliament after having been defeated in 1919 Became premier of Italy Mussolini declared Italy a fascist dictatorship and took control over society, politics, and economics, as well as the military.

11 Italy Invades Ethiopia
1935 – Italy invaded Ethiopia in Africa Mussolini wanted new areas to expand his empire in Africa

12 Germany The Treaty of Versailles left Germany deeply in debt and caused serious government instability in the 1920s. Bad economic times made it easy for the Nazi party to gain power.

13 Adolf Hitler Hitler attempted to take control of a struggling Germany through the “Beer Hall Putsch.” He failed and was arrested. In jail he wrote “Mein Kampf” exposing his political ideology. He was considered harmless and was released in 1924. Defeated von Hindenburg in national election. Hitler was the Chancellor of Germany. Hitler declares himself the “Fuhrer of Germany taking dictatorial power. Back

14 1932 – Adolph Hitler assumes power in Germany

15 Adolf Hitler A very charismatic speaker
Brought Germany out of the Depression with a huge work program and militarization

16 Adolf Hitler Hitler believed in the military superiority of Germany.
His fighting techniques, such as blitzkrieg, threatened to overthrow Europe in less than a year.

17 1935 – Nuremburg Laws 1938 – “Kristallnacht” German mobs destroy Jewish property 1939 – first major imprisonment and deportation of Jews to concentration camps

18 Germany Occupies Rhineland
1936 – Hitler moves troops into the Rhineland (German region near the French border) WWI treaty said no German troops allowed there French Gov’t and League of Nations – TAKE NO ACTION

19 German - Italian Alliance
Germany and Italy formed the Axis Powers Now – two dictators with stated goals of expansion are good friends Axis Powers help Spain’s Fascist military overthrow its elected government (Spanish Civil War) Mussolini and Hitler

20 Germany Occupies Austria “Anschluss”
1938 – Hitler and the Germans invade Austria (most Austrians spoke German and welcomed becoming a part of Germany) But…Hitler and the Germans were expanding – and the WWI treaty told them not to…

21 The Sudetenland After taking Austria – Hitler wanted more
His next desire is the Sudetenland in Czechoslovakia The Czechs didn’t want to give this area to Germany – nor did Great Britain, France & Russia

22 “Appeasement” at Munich
The British step in to offer a peace and avoid war British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain meets with Hitler in Munich, Germany They agree to give Hitler the Sudetenland Hitler has to promise he is done seeking territory After being given Sudetenland – Hitler takes the rest of Czechoslovakia

23 Reactions to Munich Neville Chamberlain, the British Prime Minister who came up with the agreement, said that he had achieved “peace in our time” Winston Churchill, the future Prime Minister, said: “Britain and France had to choose between war and shame. They chose shame. They will get war, too.”

24 – Germany reoccupies the Rhineland 1938 – Germany Annexes Austria – Britain/France Give Germany the Sudetenland – Germany occupies Czechoslovakia 1939 – Germany invades Poland

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