FORM OF THE PRESENT SIMPLE AFFIRMATIVE I walk You walk He/she/it walks We walk You walk They walk I don’t (do not) walk You don’t (do not) walk He/she/it doesn’t (does not) walk We don’t (do not) walk You don’t (do not) walk They don’t (do not) walk NEGATIVE
FORM OF THE SIMPLE PRESENT INTERROGATIVE Do I walk? Do you walk? Does he/she/it walk? Do we walk? Do y ou walk? Do they walk?
FORM OF THE PRESENT SIMPLE The form of the simple present is different with he/she/it (called the third person singular) To make the third person singular form we add -s to the verb. In the interrogative and negative forms we use do and does (3rd person singular). In the negative we use doesn’t (or does not) with he/she/it. And we use don’t (or do not) with all other forms.
USE OF THE PRESENT SIMPLE We use the frequency adverbs We use the simple present to talk about routines and habits, things that we do with a certain frequency. Always =100% I always have a shower in the morning. Usually =75% I often have a shower in the morning. Sometimes =25% I sometimes have a shower in the morning. Never =0% I never have a shower in the morning.
SPELLING RULES We add –es to the verbs that end in: –s, -sh, -ch, -x : watch-watches, wash-washes, kiss-kisses With the verbs that end in a consonant + -y, we omit the –y and add –ies: study-studies, cry-cries. We add –es to the verbs go and do: go-goes, do-does We usually add –s in the thir person singular: Like-likes, walk-walks. With the verbs that end in a vowel + -y, we add –s: play-plays, say-says.
SHORT ANSWERS Do you read? Yes, I do/ No, I don’t Does she write? Yes, she does/ No, she doesn’t Do they run? Yes, they do/ No, they don’t