Presentation on theme: "THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE (Affirmative) She watches TV after dinner every day."— Presentation transcript:
THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE (Affirmative) She watches TV after dinner every day.
THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE AFFIRMATIVE: WORK I YOU WORK HE SHE (Lily) IT WORKS WE YOU THEY WORK
3 rd person singular - spelling 1. In general, the third person singular is formed by adding an s to the base verb. work He works 2. Verbs ending in ss,x,ch,sh,o add “es” to the third person singular. dress She dresses fix He fixes watch She watches T.V. wash She washes go It goes ! 3. Verbs ending in consonant + y, changes the y to i and add “es” Consonant + y i + es: cry – cries, fly – flies, terrify - terrifies
THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE (Interrogative) DOES HE WORK DOES HE WORK AS A DOCTOR? YES, HE DOES
THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE INTERROGATIVE: WORK DOI YOU WORK? DOES HE SHE IT Damon WORK? DO WE YOU THEY WORK?
THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE (Negative) HE DOESN’T WORK AS A DOCTOR, HE WORKS AS A TAXI DRIVER
THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE NEGATIVE: WORK I YOU DO NOT DON’T WORK HE SHE IT DOES NOT DOESN’T WORK WE YOU THEY DO NOT DON’T WORK
The Present Simple Tense is used to describe: 1. Facts which are always true – general truths, e.g. facts in science and geographical descriptions. Water freezes at 0 degrees. 0º0º
The Present Simple Tense is used to describe: 2. Actions that happen regularly (Habitual actions/daily activities). A frequency adverb is often used. They usually take a walk with their son
The Present Simple Tense is used to describe: 3. Opinions, likes and feelings (see state and action verbs) She likes making snowmen
The Present Simple Tense is used to describe: 4. Permanent situations: I work as a teacher. I have been working as a teacher since I was 23. 5. Timetables or schedules: The train leaves at 10 o’clock. English starts at 5 and ends at 7.
THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE TIME EXPRESSIONS: FREQUENCY ADVERBS: ALWAYS, OFTEN, GENERALLY, USUALLY, NORMALLY, SOMETIMES, NEVER. HE NORMALLY COOKS PASTA OTHER TIME EXPRESSIONS: EVERY DAY, EVERY MONTH, EVERY YEAR, ON SUNDAYS, AT THE WEEKENDS ETC. MUSICIANS SOMETIMES WORK ON SUNDAYS
THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE At the moment I’m playing football. play
THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE Iam ‘m playing You We They are ‘re He She It The Teacher is ‘s AFFIRMATIVE: Play
THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE Is he playing football at the moment? No, he isn’t. He is running.
THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE INTERROGATIVE: Play NEGATIVE: Play AmI playing? Are you we they Is he she it I am not ‘m not playing You We They are not aren’t He She It is not isn’t
WHAT IS SHE DOING? draw She is drawing a picture at the moment
VERB + ing (spelling rules) listen + ing = listening die (-ie y) + ing = dying write + ing = writing hop + p + ing = hopping travel + l + ing = travelling
Make –ing forms of each verb given. begin rub listen lie swim study happen get use admit try decide come put
–ing forms beginning rubbing listening lying swimming studying happening getting using admitting trying deciding coming putting
The Present Continuous Tense is used for 1.Actions which are happening at or around the moment of speaking. Now I’m doing the washing up. She is working very hard nowadays. 2.Temporary situations. I’m staying with a friend at the moment.
ACTIONS THAT ARE HAPPENING AT PRESENT (1) They are dancing right now.
TEMPORARY SITUATIONS (2) They normally play tennis. But this week they are skating.
The Present Continuous Tense is used for 3. Changing or developing situations. His English is getting better. It’s getting colder. 4. Fixed arrangements in the near future. They are getting married next week.
CHANGING SITUATIONS (3) Yesterday it was very sunny. Today it’s raining more and more.
FUTURE ARRANGEMENTS (4) They are celebrating a party next weekend.
The Present Continuous Tense is used 5.To describe pictures: She is reading a book 6.To describe what you are wearing (clothes, perfume, glasses): She is wearing a red dress.
THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE TIME EXPRESSIONS: Now, at the moment, today, nowadays, this week. They are throwing snowballs now
Now, Do the exercise called “ Present Continuous VS. Simple Present Practice” www.teacherluisvega.com Beg. Grammar