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**Overview of Metric System**

System of measure used by scientists around the world Uses prefixes and suffixes Suffixes Meter – tells us we are measuring distance, L,W,H Liter – tells us we are measuring liquid volume Gram – tells us we are measuring mass Prefixes Kilo = 1000 Hecto = 100 Deka = 10 Deci = 1/10 Centi = 1/ 100 Milli = 1 / 1000

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**Distance Measures length, width, and height**

Distance is measured in centimeters (cm) and millimeters (mm) Meter sticks and rulers are tools used for measuring distance 10 mm equal 1 cm. This allows to quickly change from mm to cm and back. To move from mm to cm, move decimal one place left. Example – 10.0 mm = 1.0 cm To move from cm to mm, move decimal one place right Example – 1.0 cm = 10.0 mm

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**Volume Volume measures how much space something occupies**

There are three types of volume: Volume of a liquid – (ml) Volume of solids – (cm cubed) Volume of a straight sided solids Volume of an irregularly shaped solids

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**Liquid Volume Measures how much space a liquid occupies**

Liquid volume is measured in milliliters (ml) Graduated cylinders and beakers are tools used to measure liquid volume Graduated cylinders are graduated or marked so that we can measure liquid volume The top of a liquid in a graduated cylinder will bend slightly. This is called a Meniscus Line. Always read a meniscus line from its lowest point

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**Volume of Straight Sided Solids**

Measures how much space a straight sided object takes up Equation to find volume: Length x Width x Height Volume of solid object is always cubed Volume of the cube below equals: 5 x 5 x 5 = 125 cm cubed

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**Volume of irregularly shaped solids**

Displacement Volume Found by submerging the object in water. The amount of water that is moved, or displaced, tells us the volume of the object A graduated cylinder or beaker is required Equation is: Final Water Level - Initial Water Level = Volume of object in ml Convert ml to cm cubed: 1 ml = 1 cm cubed

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**Mass Measures how much something weighs Mass is measured in grams**

Electronic scales are a tool used to measure mass

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**Perimeter, Area, Volume P = S + S + S + S A = S x S**

(add all sides of object) P = = 20 cm A = S x S (always squared) A = 5 x 5 = 25 cm squared V = Length X Width X Height (volume is always cubed for solids) V = 5 x 5 x 5 = 125 cm cubed

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Metric Prefixes kilo hecto deka m,g,l deci centi milli k h dk m d c 1000 100 10 1 .1 .01 .001 Prefixes can be used with all three measuring root words: meter (distance), liter (liquid volume), gram (mass) Example: kilometer, hectoliter, centigram As you move left numbers get larger, as you move right numbers get smaller

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**Metric Conversions Use the metric ladder as your guide**

Find your starting point and you end point on the ladder Count the number of spaces to move from your starting point to your end point Decide if you moved right or left on the ladder Move the decimal the same number of spaces that you moved and in the direction that you moved Example to covert from millimeter to decimeter you would move the decimal point two places to the left 100 mm equals 1.00 dm kilo hecto deka m, g, l deci centi milli

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**Temperature Measures how hot or cold something is**

Temperature is measured in degrees Celsius or degrees Fahrenheit Thermometers are a tool used to measure temperature

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**Temperature Scales Celsius Scale 0 is freezing and 100 is boiling**

Fahrenheit Scale 32 is freezing and 212 is boiling

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**Temperature Conversions**

Celsius to Fahrenheit F = (C x 1.8) + 32 Fahrenheit to Celsius C = ( F - 32 ) / 1.8

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