2 Amendment 1Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.
9 Amendment 2A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.
10 Amendment 2Protects an individuals right to possess and carry weapons.Feared government would disarm the people in order to rule through an army.
11 Amendment 3No Soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the Owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.
12 Amendment 3Prohibits soldiers from staying in your home without your permission.
13 Amendment 4The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.
14 Amendment 4 Guards against unreasonable searches and seizures. Requires search and arrest warrants.
15 Amendment 5No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.
16 Amendment 5 You can't be tried for any serious crime without a Jury . If you are innocent, the government can't try again with another jury (Double Jeopardy).You don't have to say anything at your trial.The government can't take anything that is yours unless they pay for it.
17 Amendment 6In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district where in the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the Assistance of Counsel for his defense.
18 Amendment 6 Trial must be quick after arrest. Can’t keep you in jail without trial.Trial must be public, so people know what is going on.Right to know what you did wrong.Right to have a lawyer.
19 Amendment 7In Suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise re-examined in any Court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law.
20 Amendment 7 You have the right to a jury when it is a civil case A case between two people rather than between you and the government.
21 Amendment 8Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.
22 Amendment 8 Bail & fines must be reasonable. Government can’t use cruel or unusual punishment.
23 Amendment 9The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.
24 Amendment 9Just because these rights are listed in the Constitution doesn't mean that you don't have other rights too.ExamplesRight to privacyRight to an abortion
25 Amendment 10The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.
26 Amendment 10Anything that the Constitution doesn't say Congress can do is left up to the states, or to the people.