2 The 4 Ps• Planning• Preparation• Practice• Presentation
3 Planning is crucial to a successful oral presentation
4 Planning When planning you will pick a topic. Think about: What do I know a lot about?What would I like to know more about?What do I do for fun?What do I read about?What do I talk about with my friends?What is something that means a lot to me?What exciting things have happened to me?
5 Planning Once you have answered those questions NARROW IT DOWN TO ONE Which best fits my interest?Will my audience be interested?Can the topic be covered in 2-3 minutes?Gather informationCreate a writing map to organize your thoughtsWrite your speech in expository essay format
6 Purpose*** what do you want the audience to know, feel, or believe afterwards ***Just like a writer has a purpose, you do too!To inform (explains, teaches, or gives facts)To persuade (gain support, convince)To inspire (stirs emotions, emotional impact)
7 Audience who are they and why are they here? what are their interests? what do they know?what do they want to know?what are the important things I can teach them?
8 BeginningThe purpose of the introduction is not only to introduce your topic, but also to interest your audience in the topic. Grab the audience's attention by asking a question, offering an interesting fact, using a quotation or telling a short story.You should preview the content of your presentation by offering a brief outline of what you will be discussing. You may also want to include why you choose this topic to present on.
9 MiddleThe body of your presentation should support your introduction by offeringfacts,opinions,and reasons to support your topic. It should contain atleast three ideas with supporting details to illustrate your pointWhat, Where, Why, When, Who and How are simple question to guide you!!!
10 EndThe conclusion should restate the main points without giving examples. Think of it as a brief summary which emphasizes what you want the audience to remember. You can finish with a recommendation, a personal thought, an observation, or a question. Your closing statement (the last statement) should pull your presentation together.
11 If you are prepared, everything will work out!! PreparationIf you are prepared, everything will work out!!
12 Outline Outline Your Talk, Write Out Your Talk, What exactly do you need to tell and show the audience ?On index cards choose two or three points that you want to focus onThis will help you find your way in case you get lost!Decide the sequence in which these points should be mentioned.
13 Length Your oral presentation should be 2-3 This is very important. If you go over 3min. or under 2 min. it will affect your evaluation.
15 Practice Practice as many times as you can. Practice in front of the mirror.If you can, record yourself with a video camera! And watch it to find out what can you improve.Practice in front of your parents/ guardians or any adult. Ask for their feedback.Practice in front of your friends, ask their opinion.As you practice, make as many corrections as needed.
16 Practice your RateWhen giving your oral presentation, its very important to keep an appropriate pace.The optimal rate for a presentation is about 80 words per minute.Don’t talk too fast because we will not understand what you are saying!Don’t talk too slow because your audience might get bored and loose interest.
17 Practice your VolumeIf you talk too loud, we might think you are screaming!If you to talk too soft, we can’t hear you!Make sure your voice tone is loud enough for everyone to hear you without shouting!
18 Practice your ToneThink about how you talk when you are excited, sad, serious, or simply bored.Choose a tone for your oral presentation that goes with the message you want to communicate.Sound spontaneous, conversational, enthusiastic !!!
19 It is time to stand in front of your audience! PresentationIt is time to stand in front of your audience!
20 PresentationGulp. So you are sitting there, about to be introduced. If this thought makes you nervous you are not alone. Everyone experiences stage fright, speech anxiety, or talking terror.
21 Presentation Just remember: Your audience understands your nervousness The audience knows what you are feeling and will forgive your nervousness and honest mistakesThey’re just glad that’s it’s you having to talk and not them!Nervousness is usually invisibleMost will not notice the small changes in your voice or occasional mistakes;
22 Presentation Stage Fright it's normal; everyone feels it Be yourself Let the real you come through; relax, and just do your best.Begin in your comfort zone, Practice with family and friends; share your fears with them.Most important: be prepared and practice
23 Body Language: Do’s and Don’ts Do KEEP EYE CONTACT at all times with your audienceDON’T rock back and forthDon’t fidget with your fingersDon’t swing your armsDo Use your hand when speaking
24 After your presentation… Give the audience the chance to ask questions.Pat yourself in the back for a Job Well Done