Presentation on theme: "SECTION 3: Expansion Under Roosevelt and Taft"— Presentation transcript:
1 SECTION 3: Expansion Under Roosevelt and Taft I. Diplomacy in Asia1899, US is major power with navy bases in the PacificSphere of influence – area of control for a foreign nationMcKinley and Hay propose an Open Door Policy with ChinaGermany, Russia, France, Japandon’t refuse, but don’t approve ideaAll Countries have “Open Door” access to China, but no one country has complete control.
2 II. PANAMA CANALU.S. needs to be able to get Pacific Fleet to Atlantic (or have two costly fleets).Hay-Pauncefote Treaty gave US rights to build a canal through Central AmericaThe U.S. purchased the project from the FrenchUS supports Panamanian rebellionPanamanians received 10 million for land under U.S. controlFinished in 1914Malaria and Yellow fever
3 III. Hawaii Hawaii originally an economic interest (sugar) 1893 Euro-American alliance overthrows queen and rules, but U.S. won’t annexSpanish-American War necessitates fueling stations and U.S. decides to annex in 18991900 Hawaii annexed
4 THE SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR I. Unrest in CubaCubans revolting against Spanish ruleUS sympathizes with CubansMedia fuels fireYellow JournalismWilliam Randolph HearstJoseph Pulitzer
5 II. Beginning of the Spanish American War Hearst wants the US to intervene in CubaMcKinley reluctantDe Lome letter calls McKinley “weak”USS Maine explodes in Havana HarborMcKinley asks Spain to grant Cuba its freedom, 1898War lasted 4 months inPhilippinesCubaRemember the Maine!
6 American Foreign Policy How will America implement new foreign policy (military? money? Persuasion?)Roosevelt’s Big StickTaft’s Dollar DiplomacyWilson’s Moral Diplomacy
7 “SPEAK SOFTLY AND CARRY A BIG STICK; YOU WILL GO FAR!” IV. ROOSEVELT COROLLARYA statement by T.R. stating the U.S. does not want any land, it just wants to protect those in need- “an international police power.”Issued to protect the Dominican RepublicPolicy was effective, but made some Latin American countries uneasy
8 V. RESHAPING US DIPLOMACY DOLLAR DIPLOMACY: increasing money to other countries instead of fighting warsUS buys out European loansMany countries opposed being paid off so that they would listen to the U.S.The U.S. made enemies during this time of imperialism- especially in Latin America
9 Wilson’s Moral Diplomacy The United States will “do the right thing” anywhere people are oppressed around the world.
10 ASSESSMENT QUESTIONS What was the goal of Dollar Diplomacy? What was Wilson’s Moral Diplomacy?What did TR’s Big Stick policy rely on?
11 Look at the various presidential speeches and determine w Look at the various presidential speeches and determine whether they best represent Roosevelt’s Big Stick Policy, Taft’s Dollar Diplomacy or Wilson’s Moral Diplomacy.