Presentation on theme: "Imperialism. What is it? Extension of a nation’s power over other lands When does it occur? 1870s – 1910s Who’s involved? Great Britain, France,"— Presentation transcript:
What is it? Extension of a nation’s power over other lands When does it occur? 1870s – 1910s Who’s involved? Great Britain, France, Belgium, Germany, Japan & the U.S.
Causes of U.S. Expansionism Economic interests Desire for new markets & raw materials Military needs Desire for naval bases & coaling stations Ideology Desire to bring Christianity, western-style culture & democracy to other peoples
Ideological Justifications Nationalism Love of one’s country Territorial conquests enhanced a nation’s power & prestige Cultural Superiority Africa, Asia & Latin America had less industry & urban developed > considered “backward” Social Darwinism
Scramble for Territory 1800s European countries controlled vast lands in Africa & Asia; dominated Latin American economy U.S. Manifest Destiny! Belief that it is the destiny of the U.S. to expand to the Pacific Ocean
U.S. Expansion Hawaii Annexed China Spheres of influence Open Door Policy Boxer Rebellion Japan Taiwan Russo-Japanese War
U.S. cont. Cuba Spanish-American War Platt Amendment Protectorate Puerto Rico Foraker Act Guam Philippines Aguinaldo Later independence (1946) Panama Revolution Canal
U.S. Foreign Policy Theodore Roosevelt Roosevelt Corollary Extension of Monroe Doctrine Military threat if U.S. “territory” threatened Big Stick Policy “Speak softly & carry a big stick” William H. Taft Dollar Diplomacy Substituting dollars for bullets Woodrow Wilson Moral Diplomacy War to end all wars War for peace