2 AUTOCRACY OLIGARCHY DEMOCRACY 3 Forms of GovernmentAUTOCRACYOLIGARCHYDEMOCRACY
3 AUTOCRACY RULE BY ONE EXAMPLE 1: TOTALITARIAN DICTATORSHIP FORCE THEORYEXAMPLE 2: ABSOLUTE MONARCHYDIVINE RIGHT THEORYBENITO MUSSOLINI
4 OLIGARCHY RULE BY FEW EXAMPLE: COMMUNIST GOV’T OF CHINA - MOST OLIGARCHIES CLAIM TO HAVE RULE FOR THE PEOPLE, BUT IN REALITY, VERY FEW HAVE POWER.Example: Theocracy- a small group of religious officials run the government.Example: Ancient Rome- a group of Senators ran the government
5 DEMOCRACY GREEK DEMOS- people KRATIA- rule RULE BY THE PEOPLE, FOR THE PEOPLEEXAMPLE: UNITED STATES OF AMERICARepublic- A form of government in which power resides in the people
6 DIRECT DEMOCRACY The people are the gov’t. They create and pass laws *Nowhere does this exist in its true form*
7 Representative Democracy CONGRESSThe people vote for delegates to represent them in government.
8 CONSTITUTIONAL MONARCHY EXAMPLE: GREAT BRITAINMONARCHS SHARE POWER W/ ELECTED LEGISLATURES OR SERVE MAINLY AS THE CEREMONIAL LEADERS OF THEIR GOV’TQueen Elizabeth II
9 CHARACTERISTICS OF DEMOCRACY CompromiseIndividualLibertyMajority Rulew/ Minority RightsFreeElectionsCompetingPolitical Parties
10 ANARCHY Anarchy is not a form of gov’t, it is a lack of gov’t. What would happen ifwe had a total lack ofgovernment (anarchy)?