Presentation on theme: "* Read the “Types of Government” packet with your partner or group. * When you are finished, with your partner write an essay answering the question, “Which."— Presentation transcript:
* Read the “Types of Government” packet with your partner or group. * When you are finished, with your partner write an essay answering the question, “Which government is the best?” * Be sure to use evidence from the reading to support your position. * Must fill up ½ - 1 full side of a page.
Compare how democracy, dictatorship, monarch, republic, theocracy and totalitarian systems operate in specific countries.
* The organization that people set up to protect their community and to enforce its rules. * A constitution is a written set of laws for a government.
* To protect the lives, liberties and property members of the community. * To provide services that individuals can not provide on their own. * Governments are given power to exercise authority.
* Oldest form of government. * Ruler “inherits” power. * Rules by “divine right” – or the will of God. * A constitutional monarchy shares power with a legislature elected by the people. * Great Britain
* When a society overturns its monarchy, it becomes a republic. * Government without a king or a queen. * People choose representatives to make decisions. * The U.S. is an example of a republic.
* Government authority is based on the will of the people. * Direct Democracy – people vote on issues directly. (Ancient Greece) * Representative Democracy – people choose representatives to make decisions for them. (United States)
* A single person or small group has complete political power. * A dictator does not inherit power like a king. * A dictator usually seizes control by force. * Main advantage is that decisions can be made quickly.
* Modern dictators established totalitarian systems. * Government controls ALL aspects of individual life. * Includes the police, military, communications (television, radio and newspapers) economy and education. * People who opposed the government are arrested and sent to labor camps or killed.
* Government is run by religious leaders. * Government claims to be directed by “God” or a higher power. * Sometimes shared with another form of government but the religions “Supreme Leader” is the head of the government.