Focus Question: Identify three changes the election of Andrew Jackson in 1828 brought to the United States.
Andrew Jackson, Man of Conflict Violent Individual (“Gentleman Savage”) Frontiersman Used to a rough and tumble life Served in the War for Independence at the age of 11 Fought a series of duels Brought up with life as a struggle War Hero Defeated the Creek in 1811 Defeated the British at New Orleans Defeated the Seminole in 1819
Conflicting Nature Man of the PeopleFabulously wealthy Intensely Loyal to family, friends, and soldiers Extremely Bigoted Distrusted the National GovernmentExpanded the National Government’s Power
The Return of the Two-Party System The Federalist Party Collapsed in 1816 Could not win in national elections Jeffersonian Republicans adopted many of their ideas The time period was called the Era of Good Feelings Party loyalties now stressed personality
Election of 1824 Four-way race for President John Quincy Adams, Massachusetts, Secretary of State Andrew Jackson, Tennessee, War Hero Henry Clay, Kentucky, Speaker of the House William Crawford, Georgia, Secretary of the Treasury
Nation Divided on Sectional Lines POPULAR VOTEELECTORAL VOTE JACKSON153,54499 ADAMS108,74084 CLAY47,13637 CRAWFORD46,61841
The “Corrupt Bargain” The House of Representatives elected Adams president Henry Clay was appointed Secretary of State Jackson’s supporters began campaigning almost immediately
Jacksonian Democracy Jackson brought a new style to the White House Designed government to “restore power to the people” Saw the government as reflecting the common man Promoted the “Spoils System” Government positions given to political supporters
Jackson despised “Eastern Elites” Felt that the powerful held too much power Felt that the “common people” were left out Despised distinctions based on class
Decentralized Government Shift power from Washington to the states Reduce tariffs Restrict spending on “internal improvements” Close the 2 nd Bank of the U.S. Promoted a “rotation in office” Age of the Common Man
Mixed Record 1.Role of Political Machines 2.The Bank Crisis and the Panic of 1837 3.The Nullification Crisis 4.Indian Removal
Answer in a short, 5-7 sentence paragraph: Based on class discussion, your understanding of history and the documents, determine the validity of the following statement: The Jackson Administration was generally positive for Americans.