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Find Your Balance Between Food & Physical Activity

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Presentation on theme: "Find Your Balance Between Food & Physical Activity"— Presentation transcript:

1 Find Your Balance Between Food & Physical Activity

2 Why would today’s teen not be physically active?
What are some consequences for not being physically active? What are some of the benefits of physical activity? What are some simple choices you can make to add physical activity into your daily routine?

3 Why is this a myth? Eating a candy bar before a workout provide energy. A high protein diet is the way to go to lose weight and build muscle at the same time An athlete needs sports drinks to stay hydrated. Using a supplement will give me the edge I need to beat my competition

4 Types of workouts Anaerobic - high intensity workouts that are performed for a short time Such as jumping, weightlifting, stress training workouts and sprinting. Aerobics- one uses large muscle groups repetitively for a sustained amount of time. Types: dance, bicycling, rowing machine, in-line skating, fitness walking, jumping rope, running, stair climbing and swimming.

5 Benefits of physical activity
Build lean muscle Decrease body fat Build strong bones Help mange weight Improve mood Improve endurance Improve musclur strength Build positive self-esteem Decrease blood pressure Increase flexibility Social aspects More energetic Relieve tension and stress Help to sleep better Reduce risk of cancer, diabetes, heart disease Reduce the risk of dying prematurely Lower cholesterol Add excitement and fun to life

6 Make activity part of your day!
Park far away and walk to offices or stores Replace breaks at work with short walks Mow the lawn with a push mower Wash the car by hand Play with the kids and pets outside Take the stairs

7 Start a Routine Join a walking group
Participate on an office or community softball or bowling team Take part in community recreation center activities Take yoga, golf or karate lessons Try out for a team Place a club sport Find something you enjoy!!

8 Healthy Nutrition Definition of Calories:
A measure of energy in food & in our body. 3,500 calories=1lb Definition of Nutrients: Are substances in food that your body needs to grow, to repair itself, and to supply you with energy.


10 Metabolism Factors That Affect Metabolism-
There are many different things that can cause the metabolism to speed up or slow down. 1. Age- as one gets older metabolism slows down. 2. Body type- those with more lean muscle mass have a higher metabolism. 3. Fasting or starvation- lowers the metabolism. 4. Exercise- the more physical activity you do the higher your metabolism is. small meals a day- increases your metabolism.


12 Moderate Activities and Calories Burned
In 1 hour In 30 minutes Hiking 370 185 Light Yard Work 330 165 Dancing Golf (walking with clubs) Bicycling (less than 10mph) 290 145 Walking (3 ½ mph) 280 140 Light Weight Training 220 110 Stretching 180 90

13 Vigorous Activities and Calories Burned
In 1 hour In 30 minutes Running (5mph) 590 295 Bicycling (more than 10mph) Swimming Freestyle Laps 510 255 Aerobics 480 240 Walking (4 ½ mph) 460 230 Heavy Yard Work 440 220 Vigorous Weight Lifting Basketball

14 Why do I need the nutrient?
Carbohydrate Quick, easy to use fuel Battery to get body started Fat Endurance to keep you moving Gas in your tank Protein Can use them in a pinch for power Building and maintain muscles Vitamins and Minerals To release energy from carbohydrates, fat, protein Spark plug

15 Water A normal healthy individual should drink at least 64 oz of water a day. – 8 glases Individuals that are involved in strenuous physical activity, Should drink at least oz of water each day. (24-36oz of that coming from Gatorade, PowerAde, sport drinks etc.) 2 hours BEFORE Activity Drink at least 2 cups of Water DURING Activity Drink ½ cup every 20 minutes AFTER Activity Drink 2 cups for each pound of body weight lost.

16 Heat Exhaustion Heat Stroke Weakness Dizziness Rapid, but weak pulse
Low temperature Clammy skin Reduced sweating Heat Stroke Weak Confused Stop sweating Headache Numbness or tingling Can lead to convulsions, coma, or even death

17 PEPPERONI PIZZA How many calories are in two medium slices of today’s pizza? 422 calories

18 2 MILES How far do you have to run to burn 400 calories? calories?*
Maintaining a Healthy Weight is a Balancing Act Calories In = Calories Out 2 MILES How far do you have to run to burn 400 calories? calories?* *Based on 160-pound person

19 How many calories in a workout

20 What is 200 Calories?

21                    Calorie Counter Chocolate chip cookie Apple Calories=72 Total Fat 0.2 Calories=78 Total fat= 4.5 grams Daily Values   Do you each just one cookie???


23 Determining Your Healthy Weight Range
Body Mass Index- (BMI) -is a ratio that compare your body size in relation to our height and weight. Multiply weight in pounds by 703 Divide by height in inches Divide again by height in inches 20-25 Normal 26-30 Experts may say to lose weight 31+ Medically obese

24 BMI Chart for Boys

25 BMI Chart for Girls

26 Classification Female % Fat Male % Fat 10-12% 2-4% 14-20% 6-13% 21-24%
Body Fat % Chart - Body Composition- is the ratio of body fat to lean muscle tissue you have on your body. Classification Female % Fat Male % Fat Essential Fat (anything lower may cause health problems) 10-12% 2-4% Very Low 14-20% 6-13% Normal 21-24% 14-17% Average 25-31% 18-25% Obese (May Cause Health Problems) 32% and over 25% and over

27 Healthy Weight Gain Strategies
1. Increase your calorie intake- choose foods high in complex carbohydrates, such as breads, pasta, and potatoes. Also include foods high in protein, such as chicken, turkey, fish, beef and eggs. 2. Eat often and take second helpings- choose more than the minimum number of serving from each food group in the food guide pyramid. 3. Eat nutritious snacks- snack two to three hours before meals to avoid spoiling your appetite. 4. Build Muscle- Strength Train.

28 Healthy Weight/Body Fat Loss Strategies
1. Get at least min of physical activity each day. 2. Strength Train (the more muscle you have the more fat you burn) 3. Eat 5-6 balanced meals (including snacks) 4. Drink Plenty of Water (64 oz/ 8 glasses a day) 5. Eat a variety of low-calorie, nutrient dense foods (whole grain products, vegetables and fruits). 6. Stay away from the Pop, Candy, Chips and Fast Food!!!

29 Pregame Meal 1 hour or less before competition
fresh fruit such as apples, watermelon, peaches, grapes, or oranges and/or Energy gels up to 1 1/2 cups of a sports drink. 3 to 4 hours before competition fresh fruit bread, bagels pasta with tomato sauce baked potatoes energy bar cereal with milk yogurt toast/bread with a bit of peanut butter, lean meat, or cheese water 2 to 3 hours before competition fresh fruits bread, bagels, pasta yogurt water

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