Presentation on theme: "PRODUCTION DISTRIBUTION PROCESSING SAFETY SECURITY ISSUES MALNUTRITION OVERNUTRITION AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES."— Presentation transcript:
PRODUCTION DISTRIBUTION PROCESSING SAFETY SECURITY ISSUES MALNUTRITION OVERNUTRITION AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES
How Many People Are Affected by Malnutrition? ~800 Million 1 in 5 Adults Inadequate Kcals & 1 in 4 Children Protein to Maintain Optimal Health
>20,000 deaths/ day Most children who die from malnutrition have experienced infections that lead to diarrhea. Death results from dehydration. Life expectancy in some developing countries is <50 yrs. In developed countries it is ~75 yrs.
Control Population Growth Increase Food Production / Efficiency Provide Better Health Care Wealthy nations can reduce overuse of resources. Wealthy gov’ts and NGOs can increase support of developing countries
World Population Growth Continues Fastest Growing Countries are Developing and Ill-Suited to Provide Enough Food Food shortages exist in hundreds of locations around the world-- Protein-Energy Malnutrition
In a word, Yes. Would Require Everyone to eat a Vegetarian Diet; Would Require Us to Use All Plant Products for Food instead of using it as feed for livestock.
Cycle of Malnutrition Women Eat Inadequate Diets to Support Fetal Growth Give Birth to Low Birth Weight Infants (These babies experience high mortality) Undernourished Children are Sicker and Develop More Slowly Grow into Adults whose Mental/Physical Capacities may have suffered Contribute Low Productivity to the workforce
Measuring Nutritional Status in Populations 1. Infant Mortality Rate (deaths/ 1000 births) 2. Number of Low Birth Weight Babies (LBW Babies/ 1000 live births)
FAMINE NATURAL DISASTERS WAR DROUGHT OVERPOPULATION POOR LAND USE, EROSION
Iron Deficiency Anemia--3.5 Billion Impairs Motor/Mental Development Decreases Resistance to Infection Increases Fatigue in Adults Iodine Deficiency--200 Million Goiter in adults; cretinism in children Apathy; Low IQ, School Performance Protein-Energy Malnutrition Vitamin A Deficiency--40 Million Depresses growth and immune function * Protein, Zinc and fat in diet can help body utilize vitamin A
PREGNANT WOMEN CHILDREN ELDERLY SICK OR HOSPITALIZED INDIVIDUALS