Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

“NEGOTIATING” PEACE The End of World War I and the Treaty of Versailles.

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "“NEGOTIATING” PEACE The End of World War I and the Treaty of Versailles."— Presentation transcript:


2 “NEGOTIATING” PEACE The End of World War I and the Treaty of Versailles


4 POST-WAR ISSUES What post-war issues do you think need to be dealt with?

5 Paris Peace Conference

6 Paris Peace Conference – Key People Woodrow Wilson (USA) He wanted to restore peace to the world 14 Points

7 WILSON’S 14 POINTS Read 14 Points and underline key words for EACH point

8 Paris Peace Conference – Key People Georges Clemenceau (France) He wanted REVENGE!

9 Paris Peace Conference – Key People David Lloyd-George Great Britain He wanted to make Germany pay (but not cripple them)!

10 Paris Peace Conference – Key People Vittorio Orlando – Italy He was just…there. He didn’t get what he wanted, so he left early


12 Post-War Issue #1 Debt – Britain & France were once wealthy, but were in very deep debt after the war

13 Treaty Settlement Reparations – Payment for damages from the war Germany and the other Central Powers were held responsible for all financial losses

14 Post-War Issue # 2 Military Threats and Disputes – Many Europeans were afraid of the possibility of another great war

15 Treaty Settlement Reduction in German Military – Germany was forced to greatly reduce the size of its army and navy League of Nations – The international group was created to help prevent future conflicts and wars between countries, based on ideas of: Collective Security – nations act together to preserve pease (all for peace, none for war)

16 League of Nations

17 Post-War Issue # 3 Territorial Disputes – Many regions in Europe and around the world were in a state of political turmoil as a result of collapsing empire German Empire Ottoman Empire Russian Empire Austro-Hungarian Empire

18 Treaty Settlement Re-Writing the Map of Europe – As a result of collapsing Empires, many new countries needed to be created

19 Self-determination – Some countries, like Poland, were allowed to choose their own type of government. Most regions, like colonies in Africa, Asia, Middle East, were still controlled by powerful European nations. “Big Four” (France, England, US, Italy) redrew the lines of Europe, including parts of Germany & Russia

20 Post-War Issue # 4 Blame – Many Europeans were bitter about the death and destruction of WWI and wanted to place blame

21 Treaty Settlement “Blame Clause” – Germany was forced to admit that it was solely responsible for the horrors of the war German leaders blamed – Many Germans wrongly blamed new government leaders for the harsh terms of the Treaty and saw them as backstabbing Germany


23 Opposition to the Treaty Wilson can’t sign a treaty. Only CONGRESS can! Many US lawmakers felt treaty was too harsh Reparations would pull down European nations & injure the US Considered a sellout to imperialism

24 Debate over the League of Nations US wanted to remain isolationist LON might tie us up into foreign countries

25 Wilson Won’t Compromise Ignored Republican majority of Congress Tours country to convince public to support the Treaty. He has a stroke and is totally incapacitated Treaty comes up for a vote in Congress Senate never passes the treaty US signs separate treaty with Germany in 1921 We never join the League of Nation

26 Domestic Consequences 1. US became world’s leading industrial power 2. Movement of African Americans FROM the South TO the North 3. Less tolerance for immigrants and political radicals (Anarchists, Socialists, & Communists) 4. Brought over 1 million women into the workforce

27 Assignment The outbreak of WWI was solely the fault of Germany and its aggressive intentions (being the first to attack France) Agree or disagree with this statement in one paragraph

Download ppt "“NEGOTIATING” PEACE The End of World War I and the Treaty of Versailles."

Similar presentations

Ads by Google