Democratic Party and FDR 1932 Platform Repeal Prohibition Assist Farmers Balanced Budget Confidence and Optimism Roosevelt Promises a “New Deal” for Americans
Group Activity For the Great Depression problem (8) assigned to your group, what remedies were undertaken during the New Deal? How would you evaluate these remedies? Thinking Skill: Explicitly assess information and draw conclusions
5. Industry and Labor Remedies NIRA-National Industrial Recovery Act- - Set industry codes / unconstitutional Wagner Act --> NLRA National Labor Relations Board-authority to conduct voting in workplaces to determine whether employees wanted union representation **Growth of Unions
CIO AFL vs. CIO AFL-skilled workers John Lewis -1935-Committee for Industrial Organization Represented an end to divisions based on social rank –GM sit-down strike –US Steel
8. Securities Solution: Federal Securities Act -forced companies to share info with public to prevent over-speculation –Est. SEC (Securities Exchange Commission) -Watchdog over stock market -Reform Stock Market
Answer the questions in your groups from before Pretend you are a critic…What do you think of the New Deal? Pretend you are a critic…What do you think of the New Deal? –Which New Deal remedies were most successful? Which were not? –Which were the longest lasting? –Do you agree or disagree with FDR’s approach? –Were FDR’s policies Liberal or Conservative?
The Spectrum with Politics in Mind Radical Liberal Moderate Conservative Reactionary “LEFT”“RIGHT”
How did critics and demagogues like Father Coughlin impact the New Deal?
Major New Deal Critics Father Coughlin Father Coughlin Huey Long “Kingfish” Huey Long “Kingfish” Francis Townsend Francis Townsend American Liberty League American Liberty League –What were their criticisms? –What were their plans?
Election of 1936 Ignored Rep. nominee, Governor Alf Landon of Kansas (2 states) Union Party (Coughlin & Townsend) (>2%) Republicans attacked FDR being overly bureaucratic/planned economy Momentous shift African Americans in North switched from Rep. party of Lincoln to Democratic Party
Conservative Supreme Court What issues did it have with the New Deal? Why? What issues did it have with the New Deal? Why? –Gave president too much power over other branches –May 1935- Schechter Poultry Corporation v. United States-destroyed key parts of NIRA –1936- United States v. Butler –exclusive tax used to raise money for farmer subsidies in AAA=unconstitutional How did FDR try to combat the Court? How did FDR try to combat the Court? –Court Packing (1937) What was the final outcome? What was the final outcome? –Lost
What are these artists commenting on? Why was it significant?
Life During the New Deal Answer questions on handout Answer questions on handout
Why does unemployment increase in 1938? What is the significance of this increase?
Answer the questions on the “Impact of the ND” handout
In the End, was the New Deal Liberal or Conservative?
Reflect on the following question: What is the proper role of government?
Some Important Terms for Test RFC RFC SEC SEC NRA NRA AAA AAA WPA WPA TVA TVA CCC CCC This Land is my Land This Land is my Land SSA (Social Security) SSA (Social Security) CWA CWA PWA PWA FDIC FDIC Federal Emergency Relief Act Federal Emergency Relief Act Federal Securities Act Federal Securities Act Wagner Act Wagner Act New Deal for Christmas New Deal for Christmas