Federal Courts are arranged in three steps U.S. District Courts U.S. Court of Appeals U.S. Supreme Court
District Courts They try federal cases the first time they are heard. This is called original jurisdiction
Court of Appeal Also called appellate courts Courts that are between lower courts and the highest court (Intermediate Courts) Determine whether the lower court correctly applied the law
Court of Appeal U.S. is divided into 13 judicial circuits. Each has several district courts and one court of appeals. In each court of appeal- 3 judges are responsible for decision, no witnesses, no evidence is presented, no jury. (They determine if the law was applied correctly).
Special U.S. Courts Have jurisdiction only in certain kinds of cases Citizens against the federal government Disagreements over taxes on imported goods Disputes between taxpayers and the Internal Revenue Services
Supreme Court Highest court in the land Hears all cases that involve the constitutionality of a federal law Votes (4 of 9) to decide whether to hear additional cases from court of appeals or state supreme courts